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Is COVID-19 affecting the epidemiology of STIs? The experience of syphilis in Rome
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    Comment on “Is COVID-19 affecting the epidemiology of STIs? The experience of syphilis in Rome”
    • Lixiang Wang, Resident and post-doc West China Hospital, Sichuan University

    Dear editor,
    We thank Dr. Latini et al. for providing the data for the potential effects of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on sexual lifestyle and epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).1 In the study the author highlighted the importance to check the lasting effects of SARS-CoV-2 on STIs. As China is the first country to generally alleviate lockdown of most cities since beginning of April and the returns to usual lifestyle for nearly 6 months, we’re able to tract the epidemiology of STIs during the post-outbreak period in China.
    According to the monthly report disclosed by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Accessed from http://www.nhc.gov.cn/jkj/pqt/new_list.shtml), during the lockdown period of the first quarter, the number of newly diagnosed cases of HIV, syphilis and gonorrhea were 9695, 102273 and 16439, which reduced substantially by 27.3%, 19.3% and 38.2% compared to the previous year. After lockdown alleviation, the number of new cases returned, but not exceeding the previous years. The total new cases of HIV, syphilis and gonorrhea changed by -4.4%, -5.6% and -18.9% in the second quarter and -7.8%, -9.5% and +0.7% in the third quarter compared with 2019, respectively. As the number of new STIs in China is constantly growing in the past years, the reduction of new cases of STIs in 2020 after lockdown alleviation indicates a lasting effect of SARS-CoV-2. This may result from...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.