Objectives Condomless anal intercourse contributes significantly to the spread of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM). Factors related to condomless anal intercourse with known HIV-positive partners among MSM are not well understood. The authors describe factors associated with inconsistent condom use with known HIV-positive partners prior to participants’ diagnosis with HIV.
Methods New York City health department disease intervention specialists interviewed newly HIV-diagnosed MSM ages ≥13 years reporting knowingly having anal sex with HIV-positive partners between June 2013 and October 2014. Univariate and bivariate statistics were calculated, in addition to logistic regression analysis.
Results Among 95 MSM interviewed, 56% were >30 years and 74% had higher than a high school education. Respondents reported a median of 2 known HIV-positive sex partners. Drug or alcohol use during last sex with their last known HIV-positive partner was reported by 53% of participants. Sixty-five per cent of participants reported inconsistent condom use with last known HIV-positive partner. Inconsistent condom use with all HIV-positive partners was higher among individuals reporting two or more known HIV-positive partners since sexual debut than among those with one (90% vs 59%, p<0.01) and among those reporting feelings of love/emotional attachment as a reason for having sex (85% vs 63%, p=0.02). In the bivariate logistic regression models for inconsistent condom use, feelings of love or emotional attachment were the only significant predictor of inconsistent condom use (OR 3.43, 95% CI 1.23 to 9.58). After adjusting for confounding, the relationship feelings of love or emotional attachment continued to be the only significant predictor of inconsistent condom use (OR 3.69, 95% CI 1.06 to 12.82).
Conclusions Surveyed MSM engaged in high-risk behaviours, including condomless anal sex and drug or alcohol use during sex with persons known to be HIV-positive. These findings can inform interventions with MSM in serodiscordant partnerships.
- behavioural science
- sexual health
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