29 e-Letters

published between 2015 and 2018

  • Street and Labour Children; Special Group for Elimination of Viral Hepatitis in Iran
    Seyed Moayed Alavian

    Dear editor,

    We read with much interest the recently published article by Foroughi et al. [1] in your journal. They have demonstrated that prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among street and labour child are 4.5%, 1.7% and 2.6% in Iran, respectively and well discussed about HIV infection in this population, However, we would like to highlight some points about HBV a...

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  • Antiseptic mouthwash against pharyngeal Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    Thomas Meyer

    Dear Madam, dear Sir: With interest, we read the paper of Chow et al. (1) reporting that Listerine antiseptic mouthwash can kill Neisseria gonorrhoeae in vitro and reduce the amount of gonococci on pharyngeal surfaces. There is no doubt that measures beyond antibiotic treatment of gonococcal infections detected clinically or by laboratory testing are needed to reduce the prevalence of infection and that mouthwash can dimi...

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  • Re: Oral sex practice as an essential criteria to define the safe sex behavior
    Christopher T. Lewis

    We thank the contributor for his interest in our paper,[1] and for highlighting the role of oral sex in the transmission of STI.

    On a population level, public health intervention tends to focus on the encouragement of "safer" sexual practices. The British Association for Sexual Health and HIV defines safer sex as "having sex with less risk of transmission a sexually transmitted infection," and its guidance states...

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  • Excellent investigation of a much-needed subject
    Nita C. Ostroff

    The topic of prostitution is of utmost importance to the public health. The study by Parvez, Katyal, Alper, Leibowitz, and Venters (2013) thoroughly investigates the population of female sex workers in New York City who have been arrested for prostitution. This study is seminal because it is the first one that investigates rates of sexually transmitted disease infection in female sex workers incarcerated in New York. Th...

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  • Trimming the estimate: Unmeasured confounding in the association between pubic hair grooming and sexually transmitted infections
    Rohit P. Ojha

    Osterberg et al. [1] assessed the association between pubic hair grooming and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) using self-reported data from a cross-sectional survey of adults aged 18 to 65 years in the United States. The primary result was that individuals who reported ever- grooming had 1.8 times the odds (odds ratio [OR]=1.8, 95% confidence limits [CL]: 1.4, 2.2) of a history of STIs compared with individuals who...

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  • Oral sex practice as an essential criteria to define the safe sex behavior
    Lukman A. Chandra

    Dear Editor,

    Modifying sexual behavior remains the primary goal of preventing the transmission of HIV/STIs among populations. However, with the various borderlines of "safe sex" definition, people sometimes get confused to describe how to practice low-risk sex activities. In general, safe sex is defined as sexual activities in which avoiding any bodily fluid exchanges (sperm, vaginal fluid, blood, and saliva),...

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  • Just a few thoughts
    Mustapha T Kamara

    The study by Girometti et al(1) on the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) in men that have sex with men(MSM) with early syphilis illustrated the role syphilis plays in HIV transmission. However, although syphilis is a risk factor for HIV infection, chlamydia and gonorrhea are also risk factors for the transmission of HIV(2). Unless it is clearly stated that the participants that acquired HIV during the study...

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  • In support of a structured approach to service design and evaluation in chlamydia screening
    Sarah C Woodhall

    We read with interest the recent article by Chandrasekaran et al[1], which analysed national surveillance data on chlamydia testing and diagnoses among young adults in England in 2012. The paper raises a number of important points of relevance for the National Chlamydia Screening Programme in England.

    Firstly, the authors' findings further support the known association between deprivation and chlamydia infection...

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  • Re: Retesting Chlamydia trachomatis in a GUM clinic in London, UK
    CJG Kampman

    Thank you very much for carefully reading our article and for your positive feedback. We have read your E-letter with great interest. We are pleased that our publication contributed to adjustment of your policy concerning retesting. Implementing a text message reminder and lengthening the follow up period to 3 months is likely to elevate the return rate and positivity rate. According to our research, you may even consider...

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  • Source data used is not appropriate for this comparison
    John F Kane

    I am flabbergasted that this public health article exists at all. Where is the peer review. The problem lies in the appropriateness of source data which was used. In an email exchange I confirmed that I understood that the authors did indeed divide interviewed sex workers into two groups, one that experienced violence in the single preceding week and a second group that did not. They then compared health data for diff...

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