Table 4

Factors associated with trichomoniasis among 978 rural men, Mwanza

CharacteristicNo*No with T vaginalis%Odds ratio*(95% CI)p Value¶
*Odds ratio (OR) controlled for age; excludes 2 men for whom full questionnaire information was not available.
¶Likelihood ratio test for association.
†Likelihood ratio test for trend.
‡Includes skilled manual, office worker, teacher, business, fishing, truck drivers/turn boys and students.
§Excludes 3 men for whom data on circumcision status are missing.
Education
None/adult only2093315.81.00.06†
Standard 1–41922513.00.79 (0.45–1.40)
Standard ≥5550488.70.63 (0.38–1.04)
Secondary2727.40.47 (0.10–2.08)
Employment
Various‡19373.61.0<0.001
Farmer7719812.73.41 (1.55–7.50)
Unskilled manual14321.48.97 (2.00–40.12)
Religion
Muslim12532.41.0<0.001
Catholic3814311.34.96 (1.51–16.32)
Protestant15463.91.56 (0.38–6.39)
Other3185617.67.48 (2.28–24.53)
Travel in past year
No3113611.61.00.84
Yes6677210.80.96 (0.62–1.48)
Marital status
Unmarried433296.71.0<0.001†
Only wife4996713.42.08 (1.14–3.82)
2+ wives461226.14.35 (1.81–10.44)
Lifetime sexual partners
0–111465.31.00.36
2–5254259.81.58 (0.59–4.22)
6–102153014.02.09 (0.76–5.73)
>103954711.91.45 (0.53–4.01)
No of partners past 1 year
013196.91.00.28†
13924511.51.3 (0.59–2.86)
≥ 24555411.91.50 (0.69–3.27)
No. partners past 3 months
0215115.11.00.001†
15516311.42.01 (0.99–4.13)
≥22123416.03.25 (1.51–6.98)
Circumcised§
No7739812.71.00.001
Yes202105.00.37 (0.19–0.72)
N gonorrhoeae +/− C trachomatis infection
No95710310.81.00.11
Yes21523.82.53 (0.89–7.18)
Genital ulceration on examination
Yes96810510.91.00.085
No103303.87 (0.96–15.62)