Table 3

Association between risk factors, symptoms and signs, and gonococcal (NG) or chlamydial (CT) infection among 287 non-pregnant women and 334 pregnant women, consulting for vaginal discharge*

Non-pregnant women (n=287)Pregnant women (n=334)
NG/CT +ve (n=53)No (%)NG/CT −ve (n=234) No (%)Odds ratio (95% CI)p ValueNG/CT +ve (n=44) No (%)NG/CT −ve (n=290) No (%)Odds ratio (95% CI)p Value
*The denominators for the different categories are sometimes smaller than the totals owing to missing variables.
Risk determinants
Single27 (51)87 (37)1.7 (1.0–3.2)0.0510 (23)59 (20)1.2 (0.5–2.5)0.4
Age <2015 (28)40 (17)1.9 (1.0–3.8)0.0520 (46)52 (18)3.8 (2.0–7.5)<0.001
Condom use22 (42)106 (46)0.8 (0.5–1.5)0.312 (27)100 (35)0.7 (0.4–1.4)0.2
>1 sex partner14 (26)18 (8)4.3 (2.0–9.4)<0.001011 (4)1.0 (0.9–1.0)0.2
1 or more new partners12 (23)26 (11)2.3 (1.1–5.0)0.03014 (5)1.0 (0.9–1.0)0.1
Symptoms
Pruritus23 (43)161 (69)0.3 (0.2–0.6)<0.00126 (59)187 (65)0.7 (0.4–1.5)0.3
Sore vulva9 (17)74 (32)0.4 (0.2–0.9)0.026 (14)52 (18)0.7 (0.3–1.8)0.3
Dysuria15 (29)57 (25)1.2 (0.6–2.5)0.315 (34)48 (17)2.5 (1.3–5.1)0.009
Dyspareunia13 (25)74 (33)0.7 (0.3–1.4)0.28 (18)75 (26)0.6 (0.3–1.4)0.2
Abdominal pain28 (53)112 (48)1.2 (0.7–2.2)0.320 (46)107 (37)1.4 (0.7–2.7)0.2
Fever9 (17)15 (7)3.0 (1.2–7.2)0.024 (9)7 (2)4.0 (1.1–14.4)0.04
Signs
Scratch marks12 (23)82 (35)0.5 (0.3–1.1)0.0614 (32)105 (36)0.8 (0.4–1.6)0.3
Vulvitis8 (15)53 (23)0.6 (0.3–1.4)0.25 (11)49 (17)0.6 (0.2–1.7)0.2
Malodorous discharge12 (23)40 (17)1.4 (0.7–3.0)0.29 (21)74 (26)0.8 (0.3–1.6)0.3
Moderate/copious discharge40 (77)144 (64)1.9 (0.9–3.8)0.0537 (88)239 (85)1.3 (0.5–3.7)0.4
Yellow/bloody discharge28 (55)66 (29)3.0 (1.6–5.5)0.00114 (33)96 (34)1.0 (0.5–1.9)0.6
Purulent or bloody endocervical mucopus23 (43)55 (24)2.5 (1.3–4.6)0.00418 (41)87 (30)1.6 (0.8–3.1)0.1
Cervix erythema20 (38)47 (20)2.4 (1.3–4.5)0.0075 (11)40 (14)0.8 (0.3–2.2)0.4
Cervix friability23 (43)61 (27)2.1 (1.1–4.0)0.0110 (23)38 (13)1.9 (0.9–4.2)0.09
Painful adnexa19 (36)56 (24)1.8 (0.9–3.4)0.069 (21)38 (13)1.7 (0.8–3.8)0.1
Motion tenderness12 (23)33 (14)1.8 (0.9–3.7)0.093 (7)7 (2)2.9 (0.7–11.9)0.1