Table 2

Organic/non-organic “psychological” causes of pelvic pain

GynaecologicalPelvic inflammatory disease
Endometriosis
Peritoneal adhesions
Others, eg pregnancy complications, ectopic pregnancy
Ovarian remnant syndrome
GastrointestinalIrritable bowel syndrome
Diverticulitis
Regional ileitis
Others, eg chronic appendicitis
UrologicalUrethral syndrome
Interstitial cystitis
Others, eg pelvic kidney, renal calculi
Musculoskeletal/neurologicalNerve entrapment
Myofascial pain (“trigger points”)
Low back pain syndrome
PsychologicalPhysical and/or sexual abuse
Depression
Anxiety
Child abuse
Rape
Others, eg personality disorder