Table 1

Diagnosis, interventions, and outcome in HIV infected patients with elevated CSF tau

DiagnosisCSF tau (pg/ml)InterventionOutcome and survival
HADC = HIV associated dementia complex; PML = progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy; VZV = varicella zoster virus; CMV = cytomegalovirus; NHL = B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; HAART = highly active antiretroviral therapy.
HADC316NoneAlive, >12 months
HADC373HAARTAlive, >9 months
HADC396HAARTAlive, >12 months
HADC452NoneDied, <1 month
HADC641NoneDied, <1 month
Disseminated extraneural NHL328ChemotherapyDied, <1 month
CMV encephalitis530GanciclovirDied, <1 month
CMV encephalitis629GanciclovirDied, <1 month
Necrotising herpetic retinopathy (VZV)437Aciclovir, cidofovir, foscarnetAlive, >12 months
VSV meningoencephalitis336AciclovirAlive, >12 months
PML682HAARTAlive, >15 months
Cerebral toxoplasmosis673Sulphadiazine/pyrimethamineAlive, >6 months
Cryptococcal meningitis466Amphotericin/flucytosineDied, <1 month
Isolated grand mal seizure316NoneAlive, >12 months