Table 2

Significant odds ratios (OR) obtained from multivariate analyses of risk factors for syphilis seropositivity among women delivering at Pumwani Maternity Hospital

Characteristic variableOR95% CIp Value
Less than 8 years of education2.31.3–4.10.007
History of preterm delivery2.21.0–4.90.048
≤3 antenatal visits5.12.5–10.5<0.001
Maternal HIV-1 infection3.31.6–6.80.001
More than one sexual partner in past year6.02.8–13.0<0.001
History of genital ulcer disease12.31.5–103.60.021