Table 1

Common causes of renal failure in HIV

*For example, amphotericin B, foscarnet.
†Related to sulphonamides and indinavir.4 12
‡Usually related to hepatitis C or B.1 11
Acute renal failure 1 2 4 9–11
Drug related nephrotoxicity*
Heamolytic uraemic syndrome
Acute tubular necrosis (toxic/ischaemic)
Intrarenal and extrarenal obstructive nephropathy (mostly drug induced)†
HIV associated nephropathy
Acute interstitial nephritis
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis‡
Lupus-like glomerulonephritis
IgA nephropathy
Chronic renal failure 2 8
HIV associated nephropathy
Membranous glomerulonephritis
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
IgA nephropathy