Table 6

Risk factors for TPHA positivity*

MenWomen
Risk factorPositive/total% positiveCrude OR (95% CI)†Positive/total% positiveCrude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)‡
*Only those variables that were significant (p<0.05) for one or other of the sexes are shown.
†Because of the lower number of infections among men it was only possible to fit a logistic regression model for women.
‡Adjusted for the other two variables that were included in the final model.
§Participants who had had sex.
Age
    15–190/1970.003/1671.811
    20–243/1192.5111/1616.84.01 (1.1, 14.65)2.2 (0.51, 9.51)
    25–293/764.01.59 (0.25, 10.18)22/15714.08.91 (2.61, 30.41)4.59 (1.07, 19.72)
    30–344/646.32.58 (0.47, 15.08)23/12019.212.96 (3.79, 44.3)7.27 (1.65, 32.04)
Marital status
    Monogamous}26/20412.711
    Polygamous}6/837.2132/24513.11.03 (0.59, 1.79)0.94 (0.52, 1.7)
    Single4/3711.10.14 (0.03, 0.58)1/1410.70.05 (0.1, 0.36)0.1 (0.01, 1.0)
    Div/wid0/2000/15000
Ethnic group
    Jola6/3131.9140/36311.011
    Mandinka0/71004/994.00.34 (0.12, 0.97)0.41 (0.14, 1.21)
    Fula1/293.31.76 (0.21, 15.16)13/5225.02.69 (1.33, 5.47)2.95 (1.36, 6.37)
    Other3/437.03.84 (0.73, 18.22)2/912.20.18 (0.04, 0.7)0.23 (0.05, 0.97)
Education
    None2/563.5146/34313.41
    Islamic5/1673.00.83 (0.14, 6.4)6/1244.80.33 (0.14, 0.79)
    Formal3/2311.30.36 (0.05, 3.12)7/1385.00.34 (0.15, 0.78)
Still in school
    No9/2943.1158/52411.11
    Yes1/1630.60.2 (0.01, 1.52)1/811.20.1 (0.01, 0.74)
Fathered (M) or been pregnant (F)
    No4/3741.118/1355.911
    Yes6/827.37.30 (2.01, 26.50)50/43911.42.04 (0.94, 4.42)0.32 (0.12, 0.86)
Sex in past month§
    No4/2002113/16413.91
    Yes5/806.33.97 (0.74, 14.95)46/32414.21.41 (0.72, 2.84)