Table 2

HIV prevalence by gender and region of origin

HIV+/Tested n/NHIV prevalence (%)OR (95% CI)p Value
OR: crude odds ratio taking as reference the Spanish subjects. CI: confidence interval.
    Western Europe6/143(4.2)1.8 (0.7 to 4.3)NS
    Central and Eastern Europe2/60(3.3)1.5 (0.2 to 5.6)NS
    Latin America30/266(11.3)5.4 (3.4 to 8.4)<0.001
    Sub-Sahara Africa6/66(9.1)4.2 (1.5 to 10.1)0.005
    Northern Africa1/56(1.8)0.8 (0.02 to 4.6)NS
    Other countries0/41(0.0)No HIV+ casesNS
    Western Europe1/113(0.9)0.9 (0.02 to 5.6)NS
    Central and Eastern Europe1/115(0.9)0.9 (0.02 to 5.5)NS
    Latin America5/1788(0.3)0.3 (0.1 to 0.8)0.011
    Sub-Sahara Africa4/53(7.5)8.1 (2.0 to 25.2)0.003
    Northern Africa2/69(2.9)3.0 (0.3 to 12.5)NS
    Other countries1/40(2.5)2.6 (0.1 to 16.7)NS
    Western Europe7/256(2.7)1.5 (0.6 to 3.4)NS
    Central and Eastern Europe3/175(1.7)0.9 (0.2 to 3.1)NS
    Latin America35/2054(1.7)0.9 (0.6 to 1.4)NS
    Sub-Sahara Africa10/119(8.4)4.9 (2.4 to 10.0)<0.001
    Northern Africa3/125(2.4)1.3 (0.3 to 4.4)NS
    Other countries1/81(1.2)0.7 (0.03 to 4.5)NS