Table 1

Prevalence of major reproductive tract infections

InfectionTestsNumber testedNumber of cases
*Results are based on DFA testing. In-house PCR could be done on 126 samples only. 15 samples were not tested by DFA because of thick smears; †3 samples had insufficient quantity for blood; ‡testing were done for alternate samples; §samples with DNA extracts were processed for HPV16 and HPV18.
Bacterial vaginosisAmsel's criteria301125 (41%)
Nugent's criteria
Chlamydia*DFA and PCR286* 82 (29%)
CandidiasisMicroscopy and culture301 56 (19%)
TrichomoniasisMicroscopy and culture301 13 (4%)
GonorrhoeaMicroscopy, culture, and ELISA301 0 (0.0)
SyphilisVDRL and TPHA (confirmation)332 14 (4%)
Hepatitis B†Latex agglutination and ELISA329 19 (6%)
Hepatitis C‡Anti-HCV IgM antibodies ELISA166 3 (2%)
HPV16§PCR152 18 (12%)
HPV18§PCR152 5 (3%)