Table 1

Published prevalence of sexually transmitted infection in men in India

Prevalence ranges (%)
Study populationGCCTSyphilisChancroid (clinical diagnosis)TVHSV (clinical diagnosis)HPV (clinical diagnosis)HbsAgHIV
CT, Chlamydia trachomatis; GC, gonorrhoea; HbsAg, hepatitis B surface antigen; HPV, human papilloma virus; HSV, Herpes simplex virus; STD, sexually transmitted disease; TV, Trichomonas vaginalis.
Community based or convenience samples
    Male subjects aged 15 to 45 years423.42.00.36.01.4
    Male participants of a community education programme431.7155.60.4
    Transport and industrial workers442.10.8 to 4.4
Facility based
    STD clinic patients45–528.5 to 25.920.0 to 30.012.6 to 57.016.1 to 34.73.0 to 14.94.9 to 14.32.0 to 7.4
    STD clinic patients with genital ulcers5333.0
    Patients attending primary health care443.6
Specific groups
    Spouses of women with candida and trichomonas5460.6