Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study population

FSW (n=153)%Patients (n=142)%p Value
(1) Sociodemographic characteristics
Mean age (range)37.9 years (21–59)32.8 years (16–55)<0.001
Nationality: Senegalese1137413796<0.001
Contraceptive use
None13890.213091.5NS
Hormonal149.1117.7NS
IUD53.210.7NS
Mean number of pregnancies43.5NS
(2) Cervical and vaginal conditions
Abnormal vaginal discharge8355.711883<0.001
Mean vaginal pH5.55.23<0.001
Vaginal ulceration138.61711.9NS
Cervical ulceration2214.65035.2<0.001
Cervical ectopy01711.9<0.001
(3) Laboratory data
Mean CD4 lymphocytes ×106/l:(n=137)(n=117)
595271<0.001
CD4 category
>5007151.82117.9χ2=55.7
500–2005338.63933.3p<0.001
<200139.45748.7
Mean HIV plasma viral load(n=94)(n=116)
33 520 copies/ml172 680 copies/ml<0.001
Viral load category
<2001920.21512.9<0.001
200–40 0005457.44210.3
>40 0002122.35950.8
AIDS clinical stage (CDC 93)(n=139)
A1531007755.3
B01712.2
C04532.3
Mean serum vitamin A level (μmol/l)0.940.66<0.001
(4) STIs
Syphilis5133.332.1<0.001
Trichomonas vaginalis 159.8117.7NS
Chlamydia trachomatis 149.132.1NS
Candida albicans 20132215.4NS
N gonorrhoeae 95.853.5NS
HIV-19058.811782.3<0.001
HIV-24831.32114.7<0.001
HIV1+2159.842.8<0.01