Table 2

Factors affecting contraception choice for HIV positive women

Country of residenceAccess to healthcare services, methods available, and cost
Religious, cultural, and personal beliefsRole of woman in society, acceptability to partner, effects on menstruation
HIV status of womanCD4 count, viral load, physical wellbeing
HIV serostatus of partnerConcordant, discordant, not known
Menstrual, sexual, and reproductive historyMenorrhagia, dysmenorrhoea, past pelvic infection, past ectopic pregnancy, pregnancy planning
Medical historyAbnormal liver function, past history of venous thromboembolic disease, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, current drug abuse
MedicationsEnzyme inducers, antibiotics, teratogenic agents