Table 2

Odds of infection with HSV-1 and HSV-2 by country after adjusting for age (excluding STD clinic attenders from Sri Lanka)

Adjusted odds ratios of HSV-2 (95% CI)
Age by which 25%, 50%, and 75% are HSV-1 +veAdjusted odds ratios of HSV-1 (95% CI)AllFemalesMales
*Estonia has similar HSV-1 seroprevalence to India (p=0.31), significantly lower HSV-1 prevalence than Brazil (p=0.005), and significantly higher HSV-1 prevalence than Sri Lanka (p<0.000) after adjusting for age.
†India has similar HSV-1 seroprevalence to Brazil (p=0.1), and significantly higher HSV-1 prevalence than Sri Lanka (p<0.000) after adjusting for age.
‡Brazil has significantly higher HSV-1 prevalence than Sri Lanka (p<0.000) after adjusting for age.
*FEstonian women significantly lower HSV-2 prevalence than Brazilian (χ2 = 35, p<0.000) women and significantly higher HSV-2 prevalence than Indian (χ2 = 44, p<0.000) and Sri Lankan (χ2 = 52, p=0.000) women after adjusting for age.
FIndian women had significantly lower HSV-2 prevalence than Brazilian (χ2 = 110, p<0.000) and similar prevalence to Sri Lankan (χ2 = 0.48, p=0.49) women after adjusting for age.
FBrazilian women had significantly higher prevalence than Sri Lankan (χ2 = 128, p<0.000) women after adjusting for age.
*MEstonian men had similar HSV-2 prevalence to Indian men (χ2 = 1.05, p=0.29) and significantly lower HSV-2 prevalence than Brazilian (χ2 = 33, p<0.000) and Sri Lankan (χ2 = 5.02, p=0.025) men after adjusting for age.
MIndian men had significantly lower HSV-2 prevalence than Brazilian (χ2 = 20, p<0.000) and similar prevalence to Sri Lankan (χ2 = 0.82, p=0.35) men after adjusting for age.
MBrazilian men had significantly higher prevalence than Sri Lankan (χ2 = 28, p=0.000) men after adjusting for age.
Brazil2, 7, 150.47 (0.39 to 0.56)‡2.10 (1.75 to 2.51)3.33 (2.62 to 4.25)‡F2.56 (1.9 to 3.55)‡M
Estonia2, 7, 180.38 (0.32 to 0.45)*1.54 (1.30 to 1.81)1.63 (1.35 to 1.97)*F0.84 (0.59 to 1.2)*M
India1, 4, 100.41 (0.34 to 0.49)†0.83 (0.67 to 1.02)0.69 (0.53 to 0.90)†F1.05 (0.73 to 1.52)†M
Morocco0, 2, 61.001.001.001.00
Sri Lanka1, 6, 130.24 (0.21 to 0.29)0.88 (0.75 to 1.04)0.77 (0.62 to 0.95)1.21 (0.96 to 1.60)