Table 1

Variations in reporting of being offered an HIV test and HIV test uptake*

Patient characteristicsReported being offered an HIV testp ValueOffered a test and having an HIV testp Value
n/N†(%)n/N†(%)
*Patients who reported an HIV risk in the past 3 months, an HIV test in the past year, or that their reason for not testing was that they had tested recently, were excluded from the analysis. This was to ensure that only individuals in whom HIV testing would be unequivocally appropriate in terms of risks and resources were included in our analysis.
†Base (N) excludes patients who did not report a valid response (“yes”, “no,” “don’t know”) to whether or not they had been offered an HIV test, as well as item non-response.
‡Heterosexual and/or homosexual anal sex.
§Base (N) excludes 151 patients for whom data on their clinician’s characteristics could not be obtained, in addition to 25 patients who did not report whether or not they had been offered an HIV test and whether or not they were having an HIV test, as well as item non-response.
¶Consultants and clinical assistants are considered as those who had completed their training, while specialist registrars, senior house officers, and gynaecological staff are considered as being in training.
All patients327/419(78.0)160/319(50.2)
Sociodemographics
Sex0.3870.613
    Male138/170(81.2)66/133(49.6)
    Female187/245(76.3)94/184(51.1)
Ethnicity0.0050.372
    White186/223(83.4)93/181(51.4)
    Not white136/189(72.0)65/133(48.9)
Among non-white patients: 0.073 0.283
    Black Caribbean 63/82 (76.8) 28/61 (45.9)
    Black African 15/20 (75.0) 9/15 (60.0)
    Black British 29/40 (72.5) 11/28 (39.3)
    Asian 6/9 (66.7) 2/6 (33.3)
    Other ethnicity 23/38 (60.5) 15/23 (65.2)
English is first language0.3600.014
    Yes280/353(79.3)129/274(47.1)
    No43/59(72.9)29/41(70.7)
Sexuality0.4970.060
    Heterosexual293/378(77.5)148/286(51.7)
    Homosexual/bisexual29/34(85.3)9/28(32.1)
Sexual behaviour
Number of heterosexual partners, past year0.667<0.001
    0/1114/147(77.6)43/113(38.1)
    2+184/227(81.1)108/181(59.7)
Number of homosexual partners, past year0.5860.151
    0/193/117(79.5)46/91(50.5)
    2+19/25(76.0)6/19(31.6)
New partner(s) while abroad in past 5 years0.1520.097
    No156/205(76.1)70/154(45.5)
    Yes82/99(82.8)48/82(58.5)
Unprotected vaginal sex with 2+partners in past year0.8470.002
    No162/210(77.1)72/161(44.7)
    Yes122/156(78.2)74/120(61.7)
Unprotected anal sex with 2+partners in past year‡0.7290.103
    No172/228(75.4)83/170(48.8)
    Yes13/18(72.2)9/11(81.8)
GUM clinic history
Previous STI diagnosis0.0290.007
    No180/218(82.6)100/177(56.5)
    Yes112/157(71.3)44/112(39.3)
Last HIV test0.2070.093
    1–5 years ago77/97(79.4)47/76(61.8)
    More than 5 years ago18/24(75.0)6/18(33.3)
    Never226/291(77.7)104/220(47.3)
Intention to have an HIV test<0.001<0.001
    No, not intention/don’t know231/314(73.6)70/225(31.1)
    Yes, intention95/103(92.2)90/93(96.8)
Clinician seen for consultation
Clinician’s training status§¶0.0790.536
    Completed training103/143(72.0)50/99(50.5)
    In training96/115(83.5)56/96(58.3)
Clinician’s sex§0.3920.082
    Male88/119(73.9)46/86(53.5)
    Female107/132(81.1)60/105(57.1)
Clinician also runs an HIV clinic§0.6840.770
    No121/158(76.6)64/118(54.2)
    Yes74/93(79.6)42/73(57.5)
Drug use
Used cocaine/heroin/speed/ecstasy/LSD in past year0.0280.722
    No202/270(74.8)99/200(49.5)
    Yes105/121(86.8)53/103(51.5)