Table 1

 Demographic characteristics of young women with and without a history of sex work in low income areas of northern California, 1996–8

Variable% of sex workers (95% CI)* (n = 226)% of non-sex workers (95% CI)* (n = 2317)Adjusted OR (95% CI)*†
*All prevalence estimates, 95% confidence intervals, and odds ratios adjusted for survey design.
†Odds ratios adjusted for age, ethnicity, sexual identification, country of birth, education, employment, and monthly income.
Total8.9 (7.8 to 10.0)91.1 (90.0 to 92.2)
Median age (years) (range)26 (18 to 30)24 (18 to 31)1.2 (1.1 to 1.2)
Ethnicity
    Latina10.8 (6.5 to 15.1)36.9 (31.8 to 42.0)1.0
    African-American66.9 (57.6 to 76.2)35.5 (29.0 to 41.9)3.2 (1.8 to 5.6)
    White13.2 (8.3 to 18.0)15.4 (12.3 to 18.4)1.3 (0.1 to 2.7)
    Asian/Pacific Islander1.2 (0 to 2.9)6.2 (4.5 to 7.9)0.9 (0.2 to 4.2)
    Mixed/other7.9 (3.5 to 12.4)6.1 (4.8 to 7.4)2.1 (1.1 to 4.2)
Sexual Identification
    Heterosexual78.5 (71.1 to 86.0)96.1 (94.8 to 97.4)1.0
    Lesbian2.2 (0.3 to 4.2)1.3 (0.6 to 1.9)2.1 (0.6 to 6.7)
    Bisexual19.3 (12.1 to 26.3)2.7 (1.8 to 3.6)11.7 (6.8 to 20.1)
Country of birth
    USA92.9 (89.1 to 96.6)66.8 (61.7 to 72.0)4.8 (2.3 to 9.8)
    Outside USA7.1 (3.4 to 10.9)33.2 (28.0 to 38.3)1.0
Highest grade completed
    Less than high school47.1 (39.8 to 54.4)41.1 (37.2 to 45.0)1.6 (1.2 to 2.3)
    High school or more52.9 (45.6 to 60.2)58.9 (55.0 to 62.8)1.0
Employment (past 6 months)
    Unemployed62.3 (52.8 to 71.7)45.5 (42.6 to 48.5)1.8 (1.2 to 2.6)
    Employed37.7 (28.3 to 47.2)54.5 (51.5 to 57.4)1.0
Median monthly income
    Less than $100075.7 (67.8 to 83.6)59.8 (56.4 to 63.2)1.5 (1.0 to 2.2)
    More than or equal to $100024.3 (16.4 to 32.2)40.2 (36.8 to 43.6)1.0