Table 3

 Frequency and odds ratios (95% confidence limits) of factors associated with HIV testing in black African men and women

MenWomen
(base 159UW, 55WT)(base 196UW, 48WT)
%Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR(95% CI)%Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR(95% CI)
*In past year other than antenatal services.
†Anal or vaginal intercourse.
Age (years):p = 0.472p = 188p = 0.491p = 0.675
    16–2422.8 (8.3 to 49.2)1.001.0034.1 (16.4 to 57.7)1.001.00
    25–3439.8 (22.5 to 60.1)2.24 (0.49 to 10.26)4.04 (0.90 to 18.08)41.1 (27.1 to 56.6)1.35 (0.43 to 4.26)1.05 (0.32 to 3.47)
    35–4440.8 (25.1 to 58.7)2.34 (0.58 to 9.36)2.27 (0.57 to 9.08)48.8 (35.7 to 62.2)1.85 (0.61 to 5.55)1.52 (0.44 to 5.20)
Education:p = 0.317p = 0.003p = 0.001
    Degree28.0 (15.1 to 46.0)1.0039.2 (22.5 to 58.9)1.001.00
    Higher education (<degree)43.7 (27.5 to 61.3)1.99 (0.68 to 5.84)69.3 (53.3 to 81.7)3.50 (1.29 to 9.51)4.13 (1.43 to 11.88)
    GCSE/O level/other/none47.0 (26.8 to 68.2)2.28 (0.69 to 7.53)28.8 (17.5 to 43.4)0.63 (0.22 to 1.78)0.72 (0.27 to 1.93)
Social classp = 0.045p = 0.347
    I or II27.7 (13.1 to 49.3)1.0037.3 (22.2 to 55.5)1.00
    III (manual or non-manual)51.5 (34.0 to 68.6)2.77 (0.83 to 9.16)55.7 (40.2 to 70.2)2.11 (0.84 to 5.61)
    IV or V56.9 (30.9 to 79.6)3.45 (0.83 to 14.27)40.7 (23.4 to 60.7)1.15 (0.36 to 3.71)
    Unclassified18.3 (7.7 to 37.7)0.59 (0.15 to 2.31)35.6 (17.2 to 59.5)0.93 (0.28 to 3.04)
Index of multiple deprivationp = 0.484p = 0.838
    1st–4th30.9 (14.8 to 53.7)1.0042.8 (26.8 to 60.5)1.00
    5th (most deprived)39.6 (28.3 to 52.2)1.46 (0.50 to 4.29)44.8 (34.8 to 55.2)1.08 (0.50 to 2.32)
Marital statusp = 0.117p = 0.259
    Married43.9 (27.2 to 62.1)1.0043.1 (28.9 to 58.6)1.00
    Cohabiting58.5 (24.7 to 85.9)1.81 (0.36 to 9.10)42.7 (18.2 to 71.5)0.98 (0.28 to 3.44)
    Previously married23.0 (9.0 to 47.3)0.38 (0.10 to 1.44)57.1 (40.8 to 72.0)1.76 (0.75 to 4.12)
    Single, never married22.7 (12.0 to 38.8)0.38 (0.17 to 1.12)35.1 (23.5 to 49.6)0.73 (0.31 to 1.68)
Religionp = 0.623p = 0.141
    Christian, non-RC31.6 (19.0 to 47.8)1.0044.1 (32.1 to 56.8)1.00
    Roman Catholic48.9 (20.0 to 78.5)2.07 (0.46 to 9.37)61.7 (42.3 to 78.0)2.04 (0.80 to 5.24)
    Other/none37.5 (21.9 to 56.3)1.30 (0.47 to 3.61)32.7 (15.7 to 56.6)0.62 (0.20 to 1.89)
Region of residencep = 0.657p = 0.601
    Elsewhere in Britain41.5 (16.9 to 71.3)1.0034.1 (8.1 to 75.2)1.00
    Greater London34.5 (25.4 to 45.0)0.74 (0.20 to 2.80)45.5 (36.3 to 55.1)1.61 (0.26 to 9.84)
Time spent in UKp = 0.096p = 0.008p = 0.801
    Born in UK17.5 (7.2 to 36.8)1.001.0040.8 (25.3 to 58.5)1.00
    >5 years40.8 (27.1 to 56.1)3.25 (0.99 to 10.70)5.1 (1.40 to 18.86)43.8 (31.2 to 57.2)1.12 (0.47 to 2.72)
    <5 years50.4 (23.9 to 76.7)4.78 (0.98 to 23.32)9.49 (2.30 to 39.14)50.5 (29.4 to 71.4)1.48 (0.45 to 4.82)
Region of birthp = 0.192p = 0.821
    Europe20.9 (9.7 to 39.5)1.0040.4 (25.0 to 57.9)1.00
    Central/East Africa38.7 (21.5 to 59.3)2.38 (0.70 to 8.16)35.2 (20.2 to 53.8)0.80 (0.29 to 2.18)
    West Africa43.8 (27.1 to 62.1)2.94 (0.89 to 9.78)46.9 (30.5 to 64.0)1.30 (0.46 to 3.67)
    Other47.3 (10.8 to 86.9)3.38 (0.39 to 29.45)43.7 (13.8 to 78.9)1.14 (0.23 to 5.65)
Antenatal care (past 5 years)p = 0.559
    NoNANA40.8 (29.3 to 53.4)1.00
    YesNANA46.2 (32.3 to 60.7)1.25 (0.59 to 2.65)
User of tertiary NHS services*p = 0.249p = 0.121
    No48.6 (24.3 to 73.6)1.0034.7 (21.2 to 51.2)1.00
    Yes31.8 (22.0 to 43.6)0.49 (0.15 to 1.66)49.5 (38.5 to 60.6)1.87 (0.85 to 4.02)
Ever attended GUM clinicp = 0.021p = 0.001p = 0.032
    No29.7 (18.8 to 43.4)1.001.0038.9 (28.7 to 50.1)1.00
    Yes58.0 (38.9 to 74.9)3.27 (1.20 to 8.90)5.53 (1.98 to 15.42)64.9 (43.3 to 81.8)2.91 (1.10 to 7.72)
Previous STI diagnosisp = 0.261p = 0.267
    No33.9 (22.7 to 47.2)1.0037.4 (25.7 to 50.7)1.00
    Yes48.4 (28.2 to 69.1)1.83 (0.63 to 5.29)53.5 (28.8 to 76.6)1.93(0.60 to 6.17)
Set† in past year without a condomp = 0.906p = 0.701
    No31.9 (14.3 to 56.8)1.0044.7 (29.8 to 60.7)1.00
    Yes37.8 (25.2 to 52.3)1.30 (0.39 to 4.35)46.4 (35.2 to 62.3)1.07 (0.47 to 2.43)
    Not answered correctly38.9 (11.3 to 76.0)1.36 (0.20 to 9.37)32.0 (10.5 to 65.4)0.58 (0.14 to 2.51)
Number of partners in past 5 yearsp = 0.750p = 0.792
    0–132.4 (18.2 to 50.9)1.0042.8 (30.7 to 55.8)1.00
    2–541.0 (24.5 to 59.8)1.45 (0.50 to 4.19)48.7 (35.2 to 62.3)1.27 (0.60 to 2.70)
    6+32.7 (17.5 to 52.6)1.01 (0.33 to 4.19)37.3 (7.5 to 81.3)0.80 (0.10 to 6.28)
New partner from abroad in past 5 yearsp = 0.044p = 0.414
    No27.3 (16.2 to 42.1)1.0045.1 (34.6 to 56.4)1.00
    Yes52.0 (34.2 to 69.3)2.88 (1.03 to 8.05)33.1 (13.4 to 61.1)0.60 (0.18 to 2.05)
Age at first set (years)p = 0.401p = 0.071
    16+ years33.4 (21.3 to 48.2)1.0041.2 (31.2 to 52.0)1.00
    <1635.5 (26.9 to 60.1)1.20 (0.41 to 2.97)65.6 (41.1 to 83.9)2.72 (0.92 to 8.10)
Ever paid for sexp = 0.100
    No33.2 (22.5 to 45.9)1.00NANA
    Yes55.3 (32.3 to 76.2)2.49 (0.84 to 7.41)NANA
Had concurrent partnerships in past 5 yearsp = 0.517p = 0.178
    No38.3 (24.3 to 54.4)1.0043.6 (32.6 to 55.2)1.00
    Yes30.7 (16.9 to 49.0)0.71 (0.26 to 2.00)66.6 (36.4 to 86.4)2.47 (0.66 to 9.24)
Perception of HIV risk for selfp = 0.574p = 0.036p = 0.026
    Not at all36.6 (24.0 to 51.3)1.0039.1 (27.5 to 52.0)1.001.00
    Not very much33.0 (18.3 to 51.8)0.85 (0.32 to 2.31)63.9 (44.9 to 79.3)2.75 (1.06 to 7.13)2.77 (1.00 to 7.81)
    Quite a lot or Great52.8 (21.0 to 82.4)1.94 (0.40 to 9.34)26.4 (11.1 to 50.7)0.56 (0.17 to 1.80)0.50 (0.17 to 1.44)