Table 2

 Risk factors for HIV seropositivity among registered CSWs in Senegal between 2000 and 2004

VariablesHIV−HIV+Adjusted PR* (95% CI)
N = 841 (%)N = 208 (%)
*Prevalence ratios (PRs) adjusted for age, education, whether or not born in Senegal, religion, and study site.
†PRs were adjusted for age, education, whether or not born in Senegal, religion, and study site, as well as all other commercial sex-work-related factors in the table.
Age
    20–29267 (31.8)41 (19.7)1.00 (reference)
    30–39334 (39.8)86 (41.4)1.48 (1.03 to 2.12)
    40–49216 (25.7)60 (28.9)1.49 (1.00 to 2.23)
    50+22 (2.6)21 (10.1)3.06 (1.80 to 5.21)
Education
    None372 (44.4)121 (58.5)1.00 (reference)
    Primary321 (38.3)62 (30.0)0.69 (0.52 to 0.91)
    Secondary or more145 (17.3)24 (11.6)0.59 (0.39 to 0.91)
Marital status
    Never married202 (24.2)37 (17.9)1.00 (reference)
    Married/cohabited20 (2.4)12 (5.8)1.95 (1.07 to 3.56)
    Widowed40 (4.8)16 (7.7)1.12 (0.62 to 2.00)
    Divorced/separated574 (68.7)142 (68.6)1.07 (0.75 to 1.52)
Current regular sex partner370 (44.0)83 (39.9)0.99 (0.76 to 1.28)
Age at sexual debut <16352 (43.5)113 (57.4)1.35 (1.03 to 1.77)
Current genital ulcers59 (7.0)24 (11.6)1.59 (1.08 to 2.34)
Ever treated for STD407 (48.4)123 (59.4)1.33 (1.02 to 1.74)
Bleeding during sex, past43 (5.2)17 (8.2)1.51 (0.96 to 2.37)
Irregular bleeding, past34 (4.1)16 (7.7)1.63 (1.03 to 2.59)
Commercial sex work†
Years of commercial sex work
    <3 years369 (44.5)56 (27.1)1.00 (reference)
    3–10 years232 (28.0)82 (39.6)1.66 (1.20 to 2.30)
    10 years or more229 (27.6)69 (33.3)1.01 (0.68 to 1.50)
Cost (CFA) (<5000)160 (19.6)67 (33.0)1.25 (0.92 to 1.68)
Client location
    Bars424 (52.3)111 (54.9)1.00 (reference)
    Hotels294 (35.6)59 (28.6)1.00 (0.74 to 1.35)
    Others109 (13.2)36 (17.5)0.96 (0.66 to 1.38)
Clients per month
    <10404 (48.4)79 (38.1)1.00 (reference)
    10–19282 (33.8)55 (26.6)1.11 (0.80 to 1.54)
    20+149 (17.8)73 (35.3)2.04 (1.48 to 2.81)
<100% condom use with clients30 (3.7)16 (8.0)0.76 (0.47 to 1.23)