Table 1

 Test(s) of choice in asymptomatic heterosexual men

Site or specimenGonorrhoeaChlamydiaNon-specific urethritisSyphilisHIV
*If urethral specimen not available.
NR, not recommended; NAAT, nucleic acid amplification test, EIA, enzyme immunoassay; TPPA, Treponema pallidum particle assay; TPHA, Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay.
UrethraCultureNAATNRNRNR
RectumNRNRNRNRNR
OropharynxNRNRNRNRNR
UrineNAAT*NAATNRNRNR
BloodNRNRNREIA or TPPA or cardiolipin test plus TPHAEIA