Table 3 Factors independently associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection (vs no infection) and infection with multiple (vs single) HPV types
CharacteristicHPV infectionInfections with multiple HPV types
Multivariate PR (95% CI)Multivariate PR (95% CI)
HIV status
    Positive1.49 (1.19, 1.86)1.22 (1.01, 1.47)
    NegativeReferentReferent
Age in years
    18–200.83 (0.56, 1.22)
    21–25ReferentNS
    26–300.94 (0.68, 1.31)
    31–400.60 (0.41, 0.89)
    >400.84 (0.59, 1.20)
Marital status
    Single1.03 (0.76, 1.39)
    MarriedReferentNS
    Separated/divorced1.62 (1.13, 2.33)
  • NS, not significant.