Table 1 Risk factors (p<0.05) for not having a HIV test during opting-out policy, STI clinic, South Limburg, 2004–2007
DeterminantsHeterosexualsMen who have sex with men
Univariate OR (95% CI)Multivariate OR (95% CI)Univariate OR (95% CI)Multivariate OR (95% CI)
Year (per year)0.85 (0.78 to 0.93)NS0.77 (0.62 to 0.96)NS
Age >30 yearsNSNS2.34 (1.29 to 4.22)2.19 (1.20 to 4.00)
Dutch nationality (women)2.36 (1.31 to 4.25)*2.08 (1.15 to 3.77)†NSNI
Commercial sex worker0.58 (0.36 to 0.94)NSNSNI
Number of reported partnersNSNI
    <211
    2–50.74 (0.55 to 1.00)0.67 (0.50 to 0.91)
    6–100.32 (0.10 to 1.02)0.33 (0.17 to 1.04)
    >100.50 (0.22 to 1.14)0.47 (0.19 to 1.17)
History of STI2.17 (1.67 to 2.82)1.85 (1.39 to 2.45)NSNS
STI at current visit‡1.44 (1.07 to 1.94)NSNSNI
Previous HIV negative test1.24 (1.01 to 1.53)1.40 (1.14 to 1.72)NSNI
Current STI-related complaints2.16 (1.72 to 2.71)1.98 (1.57 to 2.51)4.03 (2.35 to 6.92)4.22 (2.43 to 7.33)
Warned that a partner was diagnosed with STI2.37 (1.57 to 3.06)2.43 (1.70 to 3.47)2.61 (1.23 to 5.57)2.94 (1.34 to 6.45)
  • *Shown for women (interaction term with sex, p = 0.040), estimate for men not statistically significant; †shown for women (interaction term with sex, p = 0.141), estimate for men not statistically significant; ‡both diagnosis of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis were significant determinants.

  • NI, not included in the multivariate model; NS, not significant; STI, sexually transmitted infection.