Table 1

HIV status, sexual behaviour and willingness to take part in a research study on circumcision and HIV prevention: comparing circumcised and uncircumcised men

Circumcision status
Uncircumcised (N=1172)Circumcised (N=233)Total (N=1405)Adjusted OR (95% CI) among circumcised men*
HIV and other STI
HIV status (oral fluid specimen)
HIV negative95195.418495.8113595.51
HIV positive464.684.2544.50.78 (0.35 to 1.73)
Self-reported STI in past 12 months
Yes1069.2198.31259.00.95 (0.56 to 1.61)
Sexual behaviour
Any UAI partners in past 12 months
Yes45139.210143.755239.91.25 (0.93 to 1.69)
UAI with more than one partner in past 12 months
0/1 partner100687.420287.4120887.41
2 or more partners14512.62912.617412.61.07 (0.68 to 1.66)
UAI with partners of unknown or discordant HIV status in past 12 months
Yes29025.25724.734725.11.06 (0.75 to 1.49)
Sexual position during UAI in past 12 months
Always insertive9120.53131.012222.41.67 (1.01 to 2.76)§
Mostly insertive388.61111.0499.01
Equally both20345.73636.023943.9
Mostly receptive7316.41919.09216.9
Always receptive398.833.0427.7
Research on circumcision
Willingness to take part in a research study on circumcision and HIV prevention
Don't know22020.03920.725920.1
Yes12411.35529.317913.93.36 (2.29 to 4.92)
  • * Adjusted for age and nationality.

  • Among men who provided oral fluid specimens (N=1189).

  • Among men reporting any unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) (N=552).

  • § Adjusted OR for men reporting always being the insertive UAI partner in the past 12 months; for men reporting always or mostly being the insertive UAI partner in the past 12 months adjusted OR 1.82, 95% CI 1.14 to 2.92.

  • The willingness question used was ‘We are looking for new ways to prevent HIV. Should the following research studies take place, which would you be willing to take part in?’, with participants asked to select ‘yes’, ‘no’ or ‘don't know’ for circumcision (and also for behaviour change, rectal microbicides and HIV vaccines).

  • STI, sexually transmitted infection.