Table 1

Comparison of sociodemographic characteristics and reason for testing between 1336 mobile van users (MV) and 1538 traditional clinic users (Clinic) by type of population (people who do not report being a member of a risk group (NR), men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgenders (TG), and female sex workers (FSWs)) in the province of Escuintla, Guatemala

NR (N=1746)MSM/TG (N=529)FSW (N=599)
MV (N=513 (29%))Clinic (N=1233 (71%))p ValueMV (N=385 (73%))Clinic (N=144 (27%))p ValueMV (N=438 (73%))Clinic (N=161 (27%))p Value
Age (median (IQR))29.6 (23.4–38.4)28.3 (22.2–36.5)0.007* 23.8 (20.0–29.7)22.4 (19.7–30.0)0.23628.5 (22.4–34.3)28.8 (23.6–35.3)0.366
Sex
 Male194 (37.8)556 (45.1)0.005*362 (94.0)139 (96.5)0.2530.294
 Female319 (62.2)677 (54.9)438 (100)161 (100)
 Transsexual0 (0)0 (0)23 (6.0)5 (3.5)
Country of origin other than Guatemala§5 (1.0)25 (2.0)0.1238 (2.1)7 (4.9)0.086103 (23.5)38 (23.6)0.950
Ethnic group indigenous27 (5.3)48 (3.9)0.19811 (2.9)6 (4.2)0.44718 (4.1)9 (5.6)0.429
Reasons for testing
 Perceive themselves at risk for HIV5 (1.0)23 (1.9)0.21316 (4.2)6 (4.2)0.9963 (0.7)1 (0.6)1.000
 To know their health status504 (98.3)1153 (93.5)<0.001*373 (96.9)139 (96.5)0.837388 (88.7)138 (85.7)0.326
 Partner asked them to take the test3 (0.6)37 (3.0)0.001* 6 (1.6)3 (2.1)0.7100 (0)0 (0)_
 Report symptoms0 (0)26 (2.1)0 (0)1 (0.7)0.2720 (0)0 (0)_
Reported prior HIV test166 (32.4)389 (31.6)0.74181 (21.0)61 (42.4)<0.001*322 (73.5)117 (72.7)0.889
  • Unless otherwise stated, values are n (%) and p value is from χ2 test. p Values in bold indicate significance.

  • * p<0.05.

  • p Value from the Wilcoxon test.

  • p Value from the Fisher exact test.

  • § El Salvador, Honduras and other Central American countries.