Table 2

Comparison of HIV/syphilis prevalence and risk behaviours between 1336 mobile van users (MV) and 1538 traditional clinic users (Clinic) by type of population (people who do not report being a member of a risk group (NR), men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgenders (TG), and female sex workers (FSWs)) in the province of Escuintla, Guatemala

NR (N=1746)MSM/TG (N=529)FSW (N=599)
MV (N=513 (29%))Clinic (N=1233 (71%))p ValueMV (N=385 (73%))Clinic (N=144 (27%))p ValueMV (N=438 (73%))Clinic (N=161 (27%))p Value
Test results
 HIV prevalence6 (1.2)91 (7.4)<0.001*3 (0.8)12 (8.4)<0.001*17 (3.9)10 (6.3)0.265
 Syphilis prevalence4 (0.8)7 (0.6)0.7430 (0)2 (1.4)20 (4.6)2 (1.3)0.128
Sexual risk behaviours, last 12 months
 Sex with a sex worker50 (11.2)146 (16.6)0.009*31 (12.7)24 (19.4)0.091NANA
 Sex with multiple partners24 (5.4)107 (12.3)<0.001*108 (38.9)49 (39.5)0.899184 (47.1)49 (32.7)0.003*
 Sex in exchange for money or drugs4 (0.8)12 (1.0)1.00096 (25.0)27 (18.8)0.134438 (100)161 (100)
 Sex with bisexual partner§2 (0.5)5 (0.6)1.000163 (52.6)42 (33.9)<0.001*30 (8.5)5 (3.4)0.053
 Sex with injection drug user1 (0.2)1 (0.1)1.0009 (3.9)3 (2.4)0.55316 (4.6)4 (2.7)0.338
 Condom use at last sexual intercourse84 (18.9)151 (17.4)0.496122 (47.3)45 (38.1)0.097314 (77.7)96 (67.6)0.021*
  • Values are n (%). p Value is from χ2 test unless otherwise indicated. p Values in bold indicate significance.

  • * p<0.05

  • p Value from the Fisher exact test.

  • Operational definition of client of a sex worker.

  • § Bisexual partner defined as those who engage in sexual relationships with both men and women.