Table 2

Prevalence and predictors of Herpes Simplex Virus-2 (HSV-2) and syphilis by sexual behaviour, subset analysis, aged 18–49 (N=1848)

CharacteristicMale (n=883)Female (n=965)
HSV-2SyphilisHSV-2Syphilis
Percentage positive (N)OR* (95% Cl)Percentage positive (N)OR* (95% Cl)Percentage positive (N)OR* (95% Cl)Percentage positive (N)OR* (95% Cl)
Sex with a man in the last year (men only)
 No6.3 (871)1.01.6 (871)1.0NA NANA NANA NANA NA
 Yes33.3 (3)10.1 (0.8 to 134.2)0.0 (3)NA NANA NANA NANA NANA NA
Ever had an HIV test
 No6.6 (771)1.01.3 (771)1.09.5 (778)1.00.0 (778)1.0
 Yes2.3 (89)0.3 (0.1 to 1.3)4.5 (89)3.5 (1.1 to 11.6)9.8 (153)1.3 (0.7 to 2.4)1.2 (153)NA NA
Ever had sex with opposite sex
 No3.7 (272)1.00.0 (272)NA NA2.4 (167)1.01.2 (167)1.0
 Yes7.5 (611)1.1 (0.5 to 2.7)2.3 (611)NA NA11.0 (798)2.9 (1.0 to 8.3)0.9 (798)0.4 (0.1 to 2.5)
Of those who responded yes to sex with opposite sex
Male n=611Female n=798
Life time no of sex partners
 17.5 (452)1.02.2 (452)1.010.8 (780)1.00.8 (780)1.0
 >=27.9 (152)1.4 (0.7 to 3.0)2.6 (152)1.3 (0.4 to 4.2)26.7 (15)3.3 (0.9 to 11.2)6.7 (15)7.7 (0.8 to 70.8)
Sex with non-regular partner in the last year
 No8.2 (491)1.02.0 (491)1.010.7 (784)1.00.6 (784)1.0
 Yes4.1 (49)0.7 (0.2 to 3.0)4.1 (49)1.5 (0.3 to 7.4)30.8 (13)4.6 (1.2 to 16.8)15.4 (13)25.8 (4.2 to 157.2)
Ever paid for sex
 No7.8 (576)1.02.1 (576)1.00NA NANA NANA NANA NA
 Yes3.1 (32)0.7 (0.1 to 5.6)6.3 (32)3.1 (0.6 to 16.0)NA NANA NANA NANA NA
Age at first sex
 Mean (SD)21.4 (4.5)1.0 (0.9 to 1.1)22.9 (4.5)0.9 (0.9 to 1.1)16.8 (2.9)1.0 (0.9 to 1.1)16.3 (2.4)0.9 (0.7 to 1.2)
HSV-2 status
 NegativeNA NANA NA1.8 (565)1.0NA NANA NA0.6 (710)1.0
 PositiveNA NANA NA8.7 (46)9.5 (2.5 to 36.2)NA NANA NA3.4 (88)5.9 (1.2 to 29.1)
Syphilis status
 Negative7.0 (597)1.0NA NANA NA10.8 (791)1.0NA NANA NA
 Positive28.6 (14)9.4 (2.4 to 36.8)NA NANA NA42.8 (7)5.9 (1.2 to 29.0)NA NANA NA
  • N, total number of individuals (positive and negative) in that category.

  • * OR adjusted for age and site.