Table 1

Dimensions of access

  • Mode and cost of transport

  • Travel time to facility

  • Waiting time at facility

  • Overall expenditure on healthcare (including expenditure to reach ART facility, expenditure on self-care and expenditure on other providers)

  • Healthcare costs as a proportion of household expenditure

  • Needing to borrow money to pay for healthcare expenses

  • Receipt of government ‘disability’ grants

Perceptions of staff attitudes, facility cleanliness, length of queues and community judgement (as a proxy for stigma)
  • Adapted from Thiedeet al10.

  • ART, antiretroviral treatment.