Table 3

Socio-demographics and health status by site

Bushbuckridge (rural)Hlabisa (rural)Soweto (urban)Mitchells Plain (urban)p Value
Sample size312300331323
Sociodemographics
 Asset index (% in poorest half)72.7686.3316.9229.72<0.001
 Respondent employed (%)17.3112.0028.0530.96<0.001
 Mean (median) years of schooling7.3 (8)6.6 (7)9.4 (10)9.2 (10)<0.001
 Sex (% female)75.6462.0080.6675.54<0.001
 Mean (median) age in years38 (38)39 (37)38 (37)34 (32)
Baseline health status and time on treatment
 Median baseline CD4 count (IQR)102 (49–153)124 (73–176)100 (44–158)124 (70–175)0.002
 Mean (median) months on ART15.69 (12)18.88 (15)17.68 (13.5)12.32 (5)<0.001
  • ART, antiretroviral treatment.