Table 4

FP studies

CitationAuthorDateCountryHIV prevalenceIntegration detailCosting methodsCost savings and cost-effectivenessUnit
 W46Halperin2009
  • (1) 14 high-prevalence countries (subset)

  • (2) 139 countries

Varies
  • National model

  • Service details not clear

  • Costing methods not clear

  • Health services perspective

  • (1) (a) $562

    • (b) $371

    • (c) $63

  • (2) (a) $714

    • (b) $384

    • (c) $65

  • (a) Infant infection averted by perinatal prevention

  • (b) Infant infection averted by pregnancy averted

  • (c) Unintended pregnancy prevented to HIV positive

 W47Reynolds2008
  • (1) Botswana

  • (2) Mozambique

  • (3) Namibia

  • (4) South Africa

  • (5) Zambia

  • (6) Ethiopia

  • (7) Kenya

  • (8) Rwanda

  • (9) Tanzania

  • (10) Uganda

  • (11) Cote d'Ivorie

  • (12) Nigeria

  • (13) Guyana

  • (14) Haiti

  • (15) Vietnam

  • (1) 24.1

  • (2) 16.1

  • (3) 19.6

  • (4) 18.8

  • (5) 17.0

  • (6) 1.4

  • (7) 6.1

  • (8) 3.1

  • (9) 6.5

  • (10) 6.7

  • (11) 4.7

  • (12) 3.9

  • (13) 2.4

  • (14) 2.2

  • (15) 0.5

  • National model

  • Service details not clear

  • Costing methods not clear

  • Health services perspective

  • (1) $425 695

  • (2) $1 294 921

  • (3) $307 759

  • (4) $9 036 245

  • (5) $2 527 589

  • (6) $1 984 179

  • (7) $2 890 267

  • (8) $427 605

  • (9) $1 659 623

  • (10) $2 701 425

  • (11) $592 230

  • (12) $2 119 550

  • (13) NA

  • (14) $221 298

  • (15) $76 562

Saved over current practice in the first year
 W48Stover200314 PEPFAR countriesVaries
  • National model

  • One stop

  • Same structure

  • Financial (assumed)

  • Incremental costs

  • Health services perspective (assumed)

  • (a) $1383

  • (b) $2767

  • (c) $702

  • (d) $383

  • (e) $138

  • (f) $2767

  • (a) Child HIV infection averted by PMTCT only

  • (b) Child death averted by PMTCT only

  • (c) Unintended HIV-positive birth averted by PMTCT+FP

  • (d) Child death averted by PMTCT+FP

  • (e) Unintended orphaned child averted by PMTCT+FP

  • (f) Mother's life saved by PMTCT+FP

 W49Stover2006
  • (1) Botswana

  • (2) Cote d'Ivorie

  • (3) Ethiopia

  • (4) Guyana

  • (5) Haiti

  • (6) Kenya

  • (7) Mozambique

  • (8) Namibia

  • (9) Nigeria

  • (10) Rwanda

  • (11) South Africa

  • (12) Tanzania

  • (13) Uganda

  • (14) Zambia

  • (1) 25.3

  • (2) 4.4

  • (3) Unknown

  • (4) 1.1

  • (5) 2.1

  • (6) 6.6

  • (7) 11.3

  • (8) 15

  • (9) 3.6

  • (10) 3

  • (11) 18.1

  • (12) 6

  • (13) 6.3

  • (14) 13.8

  • National model

  • Service details not clear

  • Costing methods not clear

  • Health services perspective (assumed)

  • (1) $7 300 000

  • (2) $3 400 000

  • (3) $3 600 000

  • (4) $48 000

  • (5) $4 900 000

  • (6) $4 400 000

  • (7) $2 400 000

  • (8) $1 100 000

  • (9) $3 700 000

  • (10) $1 500 000

  • (11) $14 000 000

  • (12) $1 000 000

  • (13) $18 000 000

  • (14) $2 900 000

Annual net savings
  • All costs adjusted to 2010 USD.

  • FP, family planning; PMTCT, prevention of mother-to-child transmission.