Table 1

Characteristics of studies describing recent heterosexual behaviour among MSM in China

Author, year of publicationLocationSettingStudy yearSampling methodSurvey methodRecall window (months)Sample sizeQACO score (%)
Cross-sectional study
 Yang, 200514SichuanMSM venues2004Not reportedInterviewer-administered39533
 Cao, 200615JiangsuMSM venues2003Not reportedSelf-administered314350
 Jiang, 200616JiangsuMSM venues2003Not reportedSelf-administered314480
 Li, 200817BeijingVCT2005–6Not reportedInterviewer-administered354150
 Cai, 200718ShandongMember of working groups2006Not reportedSelf-administered620175
 Chen, 200719ZhejiangMultiple recruiting methods2005Not reportedSelf-administered636575
 Chu, 2010*LiaoningVCT2008Snowball samplingInterviewer-administered6207460
 Feng, 200820ChongqingMultiple recruiting methods2007Snowball samplingInterviewer-administered6104480
 Feng, 2009–121ChongqingMultiple recruiting cethods2006Convenience sampling + respondent-driven sampling + web recruitingInterviewer-administered6100050
 Feng, 2009–221ChongqingMultiple recruiting methods2007Convenience sampling + respondent-driven sampling + web recruitingInterviewer-administered6104450
 Gu, 200422LiaoningMSM venues2003Not reportedSelf-administered or interviewer-administered634233
 Guo, 200823ShandongMSM venuesNot reportedNot reportedInterviewer-administered610667
 Guo, 200824HebeiMultiple recruiting methods2007Not reportedInterviewer-administered611875
 Ha, 201025GuangdongNot reportedNot reportedRespondent-driven samplingNot reported635150
 He, 200626GuangdongMultiple recruiting methods2004Convenience samplingInterviewer-administered620140
 He, 200927GuangdongNot reported2006Respondent-driven samplingInterviewer-administered642360
 Lau, 200828YunnanMultiple recruiting methods2003–6Snowball sampling + convenience samplingInterviewer-administered689650
 Lau, 2009–129YunnanMultiple recruiting methods2005Convenience samplingInterviewer-administered638775
 Lau, 2009–229YunnanNot reported2006Not reportedInterviewer-administered631675
 Choi, 20047BeijingMSM venues2001–2Respondent-driven sampling + other networkInterviewer-administered648250
 Choi, 200730ShanghaiNot reported2004–5Snowball samplingInterviewer-administered647780
 Li, 200931ChongqingMSM venues2006–7Snowball samplingInterviewer-administered6169140
 Liang, 200932HebeiVCT2008Snowball samplingInterviewer-administered645075
 Liao, 200633ShandongMSM venues2005Not reportedSelf-administered615750
 Liu, 200734BeijingMSM venues2005Not reportedInterviewer-administered641640
 Ouyang, 200835ChongqingMultiple recruiting methods2006Snowball samplingInterviewer-administered653933
 Qu, 200236Some city in the northeastMSM venues2001Not reportedInterviewer-administered621533
 Ruan, 2009–137ShandongNot reported2008Respondent-driven samplingInterviewer-administered649560
 Ruan, 2009–237ShandongNot reported2007Respondent-driven samplingInterviewer-administered642560
 Ruan, 200738BeijingMultiple recruiting methods2005Not reportedInterviewer-administered652680
 Shi, 200739BeijingMultiple recruiting methods2005Not reportedInterviewer-administered652650
 Wang, 200840HeilongjiangMSM venues2006Convenience samplingSelf-administered640150
 Wang, 200641HeilongjiangMSM venues2004Not reportedInterviewer-administered639733
 Wang, 200942HebeiMSM venues2008Snowball samplingInterviewer-administered611475
 Wang, 201043JiangsuMultiple recruiting methods2008–9Not reportedInterviewer-administered675040
 Wong, 200944GuangxiMultiple recruiting methodsNot reportedSnowball samplingRealname surveys623950
 Yang, 200645JiangsuMSM venues2004Not reportedInterviewer-administered622267
 Yang, 200746ChongqingMultiple recruiting methods2006Snowball samplingInterviewer-administered6100060
 Zeng, 200647GuangdongMSM venues2004Not reportedSelf-administered1223340
 Zhang, 200148All over the countryMember of working groups1999Not reportedMail questionnaire1272933
 Zhang, 200349All over the countryMSM who had participated in Pengyou project2001Not reportedMail questionnaire12112433
 Cai, 200850GuangdongMSM venues2006Not reportedInterviewer-administered1245833
 Chen, 200751GuangdongMSM venues2006Not reportedSelf-administered1218250
 Wang, 200952YunnanMultiple recruiting methods2008Convenience samplingInterviewer-administered1233067
 Shi, 200653SichuanMSM venues2005Snowball sampling + convenience samplingInterviewer-administered1221467
 Lin, 200754GuangdongMSM venues2005Not reportedSelf-administered1210133
 Lu, 200855BeijingNot reported2006Snowball samplingNot reported1220040
Case–control study
 Zhang, 201056AnhuiNot reported2006Respondent-driven samplingSelf-administered217033
Cohort study
 Xu, 201057LiaoningRecruiting by NGO2006Not reportedNot reported1221860
  • * The new data collected from first author of the manuscript.

  • MSM, men who have sex with men; NGO, non-governmental organisation; QACO, quality assessment checklist for observational studies; VCT, voluntary counselling and testing.