Table 4

Consistent condom use for oral sex by partner type and sociodemographic characteristics

VariableMen patronising online forums (n=304)Men patronising brothels (n=297)
With sex workersWith casual partnersWith sex workersWith casual partners
N (%)OR(95% CI)N (%)OR(95% CI)N (%)OR(95% CI)N (%)OR(95% CI)
Age group (years)†
 20–3934 (16.7)1.10(0.49 to 2.44)24 (19.4)0.57(0.22 to 1.46)31 (49.2)0.65(0.36 to 1.18)13 (31.0)0.61(0.22 to 1.69)
 40–709 (15.5)18 (29.6)189 (59.7)111 (42.3)1
Race†
 Chinese39 (16.2)0.77(0.25 to 2.43)30 (21.6)1.38(0.29 to 6.62)111 (58.1)2.08(0.81 to 5.33)20 (36.4)1.29(0.35 to 4.72)
 Non-Chinese‡4 (20.0)12 (16.7)18 (40.0)14 (30.8)1
Marital status†
 Single21 (15.4)0.85(0.44 to 1.63)16 (20.3)0.87(0.40 to 1.91)59 (51.8)0.68(0.39 to 1.18)17 (36.2)1.32(0.43 to 4.08)
 Ever-married§22 (17.7)116 (22.5)157 (61.3)16 (30.0)1
Housing†
 1–3 Room HDB11 (21.6)1.71(0.66 to 4.38)10 (29.4)2.32(0.78 to 6.92)63 (56.3)0.64(0.23 to 1.84)8 (40.0)0.93(0.22 to 4.00)
 4–5 Room HDB22 (15.9)1.18(0.52 to 2.64)15 (21.1)1.49(0.56 to 4.00)44 (55.7)0.63(0.21 to 1.84)11(30.6)0.62(0.16 to 2.37)
 Private housing10 (13.9)17 (15.2)112 (66.7)15 (41.7)1
University education†
 Yes18 (15.1)0.82(0.42 to 1.59)13 (19.4)0.82(0.37 to 1.82)9 (64.3)1.47(0.48 to 4.56)5 (35.7)1.11(0.32 to 3.83)
 No25 (17.9)119 (22.6)1105 (55.0)117 (33.3)1
Alcohol use before sex†
 Yes15 (16.5)1(0.50 to 1.99)6 (9.7)0.26**(0.10 to 0.68)38 (48.1)0.58(0.33 to 1.01)7 (24.1)0.41(0.14 to 1.19)
 No28 (16.5)126 (29.2)182 (61.7)117 (43.6)1
Perceived high risk of getting HIV/STIs from casual partner†
 Yes10 (37.0)2.94*(1.18 to 7.36)4 (40.0)1.30(0.33 to 5.17)
 No20 (16.7)119 (33.9)1
Perceived high risk of getting HIV/STIs from sex worker†
 Yes24 (20.0)1.65(0.85 to 3.22)43 (59.7)1.25(0.70 to 2.22)
 No18 (13.1)175 (54.3)1
Casual partner asked to use condoms all the time†
 Yes6 (18.8)0.92(0.34 to 2.51)8 (57.1)3.53*(1.04 to 12.00)
 No23 (20.0)114 (27.5)1
Sex worker asked to use condoms all the time†
 Yes29 (16.7)1.11(0.54 to 2.26)76 (65.0)2.15**(1.24 to 3.74)
 No13 (15.3)144 (46.3)1
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.

  • †Excludes missing values.

  • ‡Includes Malays and Indians.

  • §Includes married, separated and divorced.

  • HSB, Housing Development Board; STI, sexually transmitted infection.