Table 2

Bivariate analysis for association with HIV infection, MSM by City–El Salvador 2008

San SalvadorSan Miguel
VariableUnadjusted HIV+.
% (n)
Adjusted HIV+
% (95% CI)
p ValueUnadjusted HIV+
% (n)
Adjusted HIV+
% (95% CI)
p Value
Age
 18–2411.0 (297)5.6 (3.4 to 8.4)0.0207.0 (127)5.0 (1.5 to 10.8)0.150
 >=2512.5 (202)13.4 (6.9 to 21.1)14.5 (55)16.4 (2.9 to 26.7)
Education
 No school/completed secondary11.7 (329)9.4 (5.7 to 14.7)0.3339.3 (150)9.8 (3.4 to 15.7)0.450
 Some/completed university11.4 (170)6.6 (2.9 to 11.0)9.4 (32)2.2 (0 to 17.6)
Monthly income
 <$180.0014.3 (160)13.6 (6.6 to 22.5)0.0577.4 (94)7.3 (1.4 to 12.5)0.620
 >=$181.00 9.5 (268)6.2 (3.7 to 10.6)11.6 (86)12.0 (4.0 to 24.0)
Self-identification
 Heterosexual or bisexual8.2 (194)5.9 (3.0 to 9.9)0.0444.8 (104)4.0 (0.5 to 7.0)0.022
 Gay, homosexual, transexual, travestite, other14.1 (285)11.1 (6.5 to 17.1)15.8 (76)16.0 (6.5 to 32.1)
Age at first anal sex
 <=1515.9 (261)11.9 (7.4 to 18.7)0.06014.9 (94)15.6 (7.2 to 27.3)<0.001
 16 or more7.2 (230)5.5 (2.2 to 9.2)3.7 (81)1.5 (0 to 3.9)
Consistent condom use with stable male partner (last 12 months)
 Sometimes/never8.9 (43)18.3 (0.1 to 40.0)0.49811.1 (9)6.1 (0 to 27.6)0.496
 Always15.2 (103)11.1 (5.0 to 19.5)12.1 (32)17.9 (1.3 to 38.5)
Consistent condom use with casual partners (last 12 months)
 Sometimes/never10.9 (144)11.8 (4.7 to 22.1)0.43122.0 (40)10.5 (0.5 to 23.4)0.236
 Always16.0 (161)8.3 (4.7 to 13.6)4.3 (70)4.2 (0 to 11.4)
Sex with women in the past 12 months
 No12.9 (365)10.3 (6.5 to 14.8)0.01712.6 (110)12.5 (3.7 to 19.6)0.002
 Yes7.0 (114)3.3 (0.7 to 7.3)4.5 (66)1.4 (0 to 3.8)
Sold sex in the past 12 months
 No9.3 (358)6.0 (3.6 to 9.4)0.0067.5 (147)9.7 (3.1 to 15.3)0.912
 Yes19.0 (125)17.9 (7.8 to 29.9)18.8 (31)7.2 (1.3 to 20.4)
Active syphilis
 No11.1 (460)8.0 (5.1 to 11.9)0.07010.2 (166)8.6 (3.5 to 13.7)NA
 Yes26.9 (26)17.4 (3.4 to 38.3)0.0 (2)NA
Herpes simplex type 2
 No6.3 (252)3.8 (1.6 to 6.7)<0.0011.0 (101)0.3 (0 to 0.8)<0.001
 Yes18.1 (216)15.3 (8.8 to 23.2)23.9 (67)24.5 (10.9 to 38.7)
Any bacterial STI (PCR)
 No10.5 (384)7.4 (4.5 to 11.1)0.0079.4 (159)8.7 (3.4 to 15.2)0.704
 Yes24.5 (49)26.5 (10.0 to 42.0)10.5 (19)3.2 (0 to 8.6)
  • Note: p values are estimated for the difference in the adjusted proportions.

  • MSM, men who have sex with men; STI, sexually transmitted infections.