Table 1

Rates of HIV testing, and unadjusted and adjusted rate ratios, by sociodemographic exposure

No of men (n)No of men (%)No of HIV testsPerson/yearsRate of HIV testingUnadjusted rate ratio (95% CI)*Adjusted rate ratio (95% CI)
n = 1966
All participants2047100.015171279.41.19
Age group (years) p=0.003p=0.06
 <251758.610396.11.07RefRef
 25–3444921.9373248.61.501.36 (1.01 to 1.82)1.42 (1.02 to 1.97)
 35–4455527.1432348.81.241.13 (0.85 to 1.51)1.18 (0.84 to 1.66)
 45–5452625.7385348.11.111.01 (0.75 to 1.35)1.16 (0.82 to 1.64)
 55+33216.2221234.20.940.88 (0.64 to 1.20)1.02 (0.69 to 1.50)
 Missing100.533.60.84
Ethnic group p=0.0003p=0.19
 White British1,67281.711421.09RefRef
 White other25412.4242160.61.511.40 (1.14 to 1.71)1.20 (0.97 to 1.47)
 Black261.32915.11.921.67 (0.95 to 2.93)1.39 (0.80 to 2.43)
 Asian502.45429.51.831.61 (1.06 to 2.43)1.21 (0.79 to 1.86)
 Other271.33617.32.081.79 (1.06 to 3.03)1.50 (0.89 to 2.53)
 Missing180.9149.41.49
Sexual identityp=0.47
 Gay/homosexual1,70983.512751.19RefNot included
 Bisexual1718.3118 106.11.110.89 (0.69 to 1.15)in multivariate
 Other1497.311990.41.321.11 (0.85 to 1.45)Model
 Missing180.959.30.56
SHA of residencep=0.0001p=0.01
 London63831.2605404.31.50RefRef
 South West1838.9131117.91.110.75 (0.58 to 0.97)0.84 (0.65 to 1.10)
 South Central1386.89793.01.040.71 (0.53 to 0.95)0.79 (0.58 to 1.06)
 South East coast1879.1108119.20.910.60 (0.45 to 0.78)0.66 (0.50 to 0.87)
 East of England1527.410793.31.150.75 (0.57 to 1.00)0.83 (0.63 to 1.11)
 East Midlands1296.36380.50.780.52 (0.37 to 0.72)0.56 (0.40 to 0.78)
 West Midlands1356.67483.50.890.62 (0.45 to 0.86)0.68 (0.49 to 0.93)
 Yorkshire & Humber1457.19186.31.050.68 (0.51 to 0.92)0.70 (0.51 to 0.95)
 North West21910.7165129.01.280.82 (0.64 to 1.04)0.89 (0.69 to 1.14)
 North East703.43940.50.960.66 (0.43 to 1.01)0.77 (0.50 to 1.18)
 Missing512.53731.91.16
Highest educational qualificationp=0.87
 Left education <16 years35017.1225197.11.14RefNot included
 Completed secondary education67933.2465402.21.160.99 (0.79 to 1.23)in multivariate
 Higher education1,00148.9820672.11.231.03 (0.84 to 1.26)Model
 Missing170.877.90.88
Occupationp=0.11p=0.83
 Employed full/part-time1,58877.61185987.91.20RefRef
 Unemployed994.97660.11.261.10 (0.79 to 1.52)1.01 (0.69 to 1.47)
 Student1075.29462.51.501.24 (0.92 to 1.69)1.16 (0.80 to 1.68)
 Other23611.5152161.70.940.81 (0.65 to 1.02)0.94 (0.73 to 1.22)
 Missing170.8107.31.38
Gross income per year (£)p=0.10p=0.16
 <10 00026212.8207160.91.29RefRef
 10 000–39 9991,17957.6800725.21.100.83 (0.67 to 1.03)0.82 (0.62 to 1.07)
 ≥ 40 00046122.5400304.31.311.00 (0.79 to 1.27)0.97 (0.71 to 1.31)
 Unwilling to answer1326.510683.91.260.93 (0.67 to 1.30)0.92 (0.64 to 1.32)
 Missing130.645.10.79
Household compositionp=0.06p=0.83
 Lives alone78738.5581493.71.18RefRef
 Lives with a partner69233.8481443.91.080.90 (0.76 to 1.07)1.04 (0.82 to 1.32)
 Lives with others (not a partner)55126.9448332.01.351.12 (0.94 to 1.34)1.06 (0.88 to 1.29)
 Missing170.879.80.72
Relationship statusp=0.008p=0.03
 Single1,06552.0829648.01.28RefRef
 With one man only78438.3526499.51.050.81 (0.70 to 0.94)0.81 (0.65 to 1.01)
 With 2+ men but no women643.27346.41.571.26 (0.88 to 1.82)1.36 (0.93 to 1.99)
 With one or more women1175.77876.41.020.76 (0.56 to 1.05)0.89 (0.60 to 1.31)
 Missing170.8119.01.22
  • *Population excludes those with missing data within each exposure.

  • SHA, Strategic Health Authorities.