Table 2

Factors associated with unprotected anal intercourse (n=712)

CharacteristicsUnprotected anal sex % (n)OR (95% CI)p ValueAdjusted OR (95% CI)p Value
Site
 Abuja36.8 (70)1.01.0
 Ibadan49.1 (103)1.7 (1.1 to 2.5)0.0091.8 (1.1 to 2.9)0.024
 Lagos44.1 (136)1.4 (1.0 to 2.2)0.0741.5 (0.9 to 2.3)0.089
Age, years
 18–2543.8 (224)1.0n/a
 26–4042.3 (85)0.9 (0.7 to 1.3)0.708
Education
 Secondary or less47.4 (241)1.01.0
 Had some or completed tertiary33.3 (68)0.6 (0.4 to 0.8)0.0010.7 (0.5 to 1.1)0.120
Cohabitation status
 Single40.5 (210)1.01.0
 Lived with or married to a woman51.3 (99)1.5 (1.1 to 2.2)0.0101.5 (1.02 to 2.2)0.037
Job situation
 Unemployed51.3 (122)1.01.0
 Employed39.5 (187)0.6 (0.5 to 0.8)0.0030.8 (0.6 to 1.2)0.261
Sexual identity
 Homosexual33.8 (93)1.01.0
 Straight/bisexual42.4 (219)1.4 (1.04 to 2.0)0.0271.5 (1.04 to 2.1)0.028
Had multiple male sex partners past 2 months
 No38.8 (106)1.0n/a
 Yes46.2 (203)1.4 (1.0 to 1.8)0.060
Had sex with both men and women past 2 months
 Had sex with both37.3 (100)1.01.0
 Had sex with only men47.1 (209)1.5 (1.1 to 2.0)0.0111.3 (0.9 to 1.8)0.185
Being paid for sex past 6 months
 Yes37.8 (145)1.01.0
 No50.0 (164)1.6 (1.2 to 2.2)0.0011.3 (0.9 to 1.8)0.143
Ever tested for HIV
 Yes34.7 (135)1.01.0
 No53.3 (170)2.1 (1.6 to 2.9)0.0001.9 (1.3 to 2.7)0.000
HIV status
 Negative43.5 (224)1.01.0
 Positive47.3 (71)1.2 (0.8 to 1.6)0.4051.8 (1.2 to 2.8)0.006