Table 4

Correlates of unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners in the past year (N=219)

Bivariate analysisMultivariate analysis*
VariableUAI, n (%)UOR95% CIp ValueAOR95% CIp Value
Age0.95(0.89 to 1.00)0.0691.06(0.97 to 1.16)0.190
Recruitment site
 Penang (n=82)63 (76.8)(Reference)(Reference)
 Mainland (n=137)97 (70.8)0.73(0.39 to 1.38)0.3320.61(0.27 to 1.36)0.226
Marital status
 Single (n=22)11 (50.0)(Reference)(Reference)
 Not single (n=197)149 (75.6)3.10(1.27 to 7.61)0.0132.58(0.54 to 12.4)0.236
Education
 Secondary or less (n=50)35 (70.0)(Reference)(Reference)
 Diploma or pre-college (n=110)80 (72.7)1.14(0.55 to 2.39)0.9310.99(0.38 to 2.61)0.436
 University or higher (n=59)45 (76.3)1.38(0.59 to 3.23)0.4801.82(0.58 to 5.74)0.210
Employment
 Student (n=83)69 (83.1)(Reference)(Reference)
 Employed (n=127)85 (66.9)0.41(0.21 to 0.81)0.3030.46(0.17 to 1.19)0.770
 Unemployed (n=9)6 (66.7)0.41(0.09 to 1.82)0.5300.29(0.05 to 1.76)0.327
No. of MSM friends
 0–10 (n=83)58 (69.9)(Reference)
 >10 (n=136)102 (75.0)1.29(0.70 to 2.38)0.408
Number of casual male sex partners†
 1–10 (n=151) 109 (72.2)(Reference)
 11–20 (n=47)37 (78.7)1.43(0.65 to 3.12)0.265
 >20 (n=21)14 (66.7)0.77(0.29 to 2.04)0.385
Visited night club for sex with other men†
 No (n=80)64 (80.0)(Reference)
 Yes (n=139)96 (69.1)0.56(0.29 to 1.08)0.081
Visited sauna for sex with other men†
 No (n=138)105 (76.1)(Reference)
 Yes (n=81)55 (67.9)0.67(0.36 to 1.22)0.189
Visited cruising park for sex with other men†
 No (n=96)71 (74.0)(Reference)
 Yes (n=123)89 (72.4)0.92(0.50 to 1.69)0.791
Used internet for sex with other men†
 No (n=16)11 (68.8)(Reference)
 Yes (n=203)149 (73.4)1.25(0.42 to 3.78)0.687
Found 30+ male sex partners on internet†
 No (n=218)86 (67.2)(Reference)(Reference)
 Yes (n=91)74 (81.3)2.13(1.12 to 4.05)0.0221.27(0.55 to 2.93)0.581
Group sex†
 No (n=137)94 (68.6)(Reference)
 Yes (n=82)66 (80.5)1.89(0.98 to 3.63)0.057
Paid for sex with male partners†
 No (n=196) 148 (75.5)(Reference)(Reference)
 Yes (n=23) 12 (52.2)0.35(0.15 to 0.85)0.0210.75(0.17 to 3.28)0.704
Received payment for sex†
 No (n=148)109 (73.7)(Reference)
 Yes (n=71)51 (71.8)0.91(0.48 to 1.72)0.777
Female sexual partner†
 No (n=160)118 (73.8)(Reference)
 Yes (n=59)42 (71.2)0.88(0.45 to 1.71)0.705
Difficulty in using condoms
 No (n=134)81 (60.5)(Reference)(Reference)
 Yes (n=85)79 (92.9)8.62(3.51 to 21.2)<0.0019.07(3.35 to 24.5)<0.001
HIV testing
 Never (n=162)127 (78.4)(Reference)(Reference)
 Ever (n=57)33 (57.9)0.38(0.20 to 0.72)0.0030.61(0.24 to 1.53)0.291
Casual partners talked about their HIV status before sex†
 None (n=169)129 (76.3) (Reference)(Reference)
 Some (n=40)27 (67.5)0.64(0.30 to 1.36)0.0440.61(0.25 to 1.51)0.909
 All (n=10)4 (40.0) 0.21(0.06 to 0.77)0.4640.32(0.06 to 1.70)0.307
Exposure to any HIV prevention
 No (n=79)69 (87.3)(Reference)(Reference)
 Yes (n=140)91 (65.0)0.27(0.13 to 0.57)<0.0010.22(0.09 to 0.54)0.001
Knowledge about HIV transmission (0–10)0.91(0.76 to 1.09)0.325
  • *Hosmer and Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, χ2=6.416, df=8, p=0.601.

  • †In the past year.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; MSM, men who have sex with men; UAI, unprotected anal intercourse; UOR, univariate OR.