Table 3

Sociodemographic and household characteristics of child respondents

CharacteristicChild concur on adult provisional HIV status (n=484)Child did not concur on adult provisional HIV status (n=189)p Value*
Age (M, SD)13.578 (2.337)13.751 (2.242)0.710
Gender (%)0.926
 Male226 (47%)89 (47%)
 Female258 (53%)100 (53%)
Site location (%)0.000
 Urban321 (66%)95 (50%)
 Rural163 (34%)94 (50%)
Household type (%)†0.003
 Formal346 (71%)113 (60%)
 Informal138 (29%)76 (40%)
Potable water (%)‡0.003
 Potable water459 (95%)167 (88%)
 Non-potable water25 (5%)22 (12%)
Household food security (%)§0.000
 Food secure388 (80%)110 (58%)
 Food insecure96 (20%)79 (42%)
Household size (%)¶0.209
 Median household size or smaller322 (67%)136 (72%)
 Above median household size159 (33%)53 (28%)
Access to radio (%)0.213
 Yes373 (77%)137 (72%)
 No111 (23%)52 (28%)
Access to TV (%)0.000
 Yes356 (74%)104 (55%)
 No128 (26%)85 (45%)
  • *p Values are associated with t test or χ2 test.

  • †Formal housing was defined as buildings composed of brick, concrete, etc.

  • ‡Potable water is sourced from a house or community tap opposed to non-potable water that is sourced from a river or stream.

  • §Household food security was assessed by asking how often the household went hungry (never, seldom, sometimes, often). Food security was defined as respondents reporting that their household was ‘never hungry’.

  • ¶Coded dichotomous variable based on median of household size (six people).