Table 1

Distribution of HPV contamination of 179 fomites according to location, material and time of day

VariableHigh-risk HPV contaminationp ValueLow-risk HPV contaminationp ValueContamination*p Value
No (n=159)Yes (n=20)No (n=155)Yes (n=24)No (n=147)Yes (n=32)
Location0.2640.0910.008
 Hospital (n=110)100 (62.9)10 (50.0)99 (63.9)11 (45.8)97 (66.0)13 (40.6)
 Private practice (n=69)59 (37.1)10 (50.0)56 (36.1)13 (54.2)50 (34.0)19 (59.4)
Room<0.001<0.001<0.001
 Ambulatory room (n=50)49 (30.8)1 (5.0)49 (31.6)1 (4.2)48 (32.6)2 (6.2)
 Colposcopy room (n=28)19 (12.0)9 (45.0)18 (11.6)10 (41.6)17 (11.6)11 (34.4)
 Emergency room (n=32)32 (20.1)032 (20.7)032 (21.8)0
 Private practice room (n=69)59 (37.1)10 (50.0)56 (36.1)13 (54.2)50 (34.0)19 (59.4)
Material<0.001<0.001<0.001
 Lamp (n=48)41 (25.8)7 (35.0)38 (24.5)10 (41.7)36 (24.5)12 (37.5)
 Glove box (n=48)47 (29.5)1 (5.0)46 (29.7)2 (8.3)45 (30.6)3 (9.4)
 Colposcope (n=20)9 (5.7)11 (55.0)10 (6.4)10 (41.7)6 (4.1)14 (43.8)
 Specula (n=24)23 (14.5)1 (5.0)24 (15.5)023 (15.6)1 (3.1)
 Gel tubes (n=39)39 (24.5)037 (23.9)2 (8.3)37 (25.2)2 (6.2)
Time of day0.5390.0450.111
 Morning (n=101)91 (57.2)10 (50.0)92 (59.4)9 (37.5)87 (59.2)14 (43.8)
 Evening (n=78)68 (42.8)10 (50.0)63 (40.6)15 (62.5)60 (40.8)18 (56.2)
  • *Independent of HPV risk category.

  • HPV, human papillomavirus.