Table 1

Study characteristics

CitationYear conductedCountrySetting of HCTSetting of assessmentGenderAge range
(A) Sites receiving HCT vs sites not receiving HCT
 Corbett et al212002–2004ZimbabweWorkplace (intervention) clinic (control)WorkplacePredominantly male<24 to >55 years
(B) Individuals receiving HCT vs individuals not receiving HCT
 Machekano et al261993–1995ZimbabweWorkplace (pretest), work clinic (post-test)WorkplaceMale<20 to >46 years
 Matovu et al241999–2000UgandaHomePopulation-based surveyMale and female15–49 years
 Matovu et al221994-not statedUgandaHomePopulation-based surveyMale and female15–49 years
 Sherr et al251998–2003ZimbabweMobile HCTPopulation-based surveyMale and female17–54 years
 Rosenberg et al232006–2011South AfricaNot standardisedPopulation-based surveyMale and female15–24 years
(C) Individuals receiving HCT alone vs individuals receiving HCT as a couple
 Allen et al28,321988–1990RwandaClinicClinicFemale18–35 years
 Okiria et al272006–2008UgandaHomeHome-based testing programmeMale and female13 to >60 years*
  • *Those 13–17 years who were married were considered emancipated minors and able to provide informed consent. Otherwise minimum age was 18 years.

  • HCT, HIV counselling and testing.