Table 3

Study quality

CitationRandomisedNumber of seroconversionsHCT (exposure) ascertainmentHIV (outcome) ascertainmentNumber of times HCT ascertainedParticipation rateRetention rateAdjustment methods
(A) Sites receiving HCT vs sites not receiving HCT
 Corbett et al, 200721Yes61Study recordsStudy recordsOnce72%69%Baseline HIV prevalence and age
(B) Individuals receiving HCT vs individuals not receiving HCT
 Machekano et al26No36Study recordsStudy recordsMore than onceNot stated85%None
 Matovu et al24No77Household survey recordsHousehold survey recordsOnce78%67%None
 Matovu et al22No190Household survey recordsHousehold survey recordsMore than onceNot statedNot statedAge, gender, marital status, education, current non-regular relationship, condom use in the past 6 months
 Sherr et al25No165Self-reportHousehold survey recordsOnce79%61%Age and sex
 Rosenberg et al23No248Self-reportHousehold survey recordsMore than once54% of persons had sufficient information for inclusion in analysisAge, gender, distance to the nearest clinic, education, sexual debut, condom use, number of sex partners, pregnancy, fatherhood
(C) Individuals receiving HCT alone vs individuals receiving HCT as a couple
 Allen et al28 32No29Study recordsStudy recordsMore than onceNot stated92% at 2 yearsNone
 Okiria et al27No106Programmatic recordsProgrammatic recordsOnceNot statedNot statedHIV symptoms, age
  • HCT, HIV counselling and testing.