Table 1

Description of study participants by site

Person living with HIV
CountryHDSSHCWNever ARTOn ARTLTFU†Family member of deceased
UgandaRakai6151568
UgandaKyamulibwa581645
KenyaKisumu81015611
TanzaniaKisesa7131446
MalawiKaronga592746
ZimbabweManicaland4163586
South AfricauMkhanyakude19161766
 Total54871393848
  • †Lost to follow up from a HIV clinic for >90 days;

  • ART, antiretroviral therapy; HCW, healthcare Worker; HDSS, health and demographic surveillance sites; LTFU, lost to follow up.