Table 1

Inclusion criteria (PICOS criteria)

PopulationAny sexually active populations in any geographical location
Interventions (index tests)Any commercially available technology used for Chlamydia trachomatis POCTs in the field (excluding those tested in laboratory settings)
ComparatorsStudies using an acceptable reference standard that satisfy the STARD checklist (quality assessment)
Acceptable reference standard—culture and/or NAAT
OutcomesEvaluations of accuracy and/or precision. Include studies calculating sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV including 95% CI, ease of use and acceptability by user
Study designEvaluation of studies published in peer-reviewed literature. No grey literature was included
OtherEnglish language only, human subjects only, 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2013
Sample type: vaginal, cervical, urethral or urine samples
  • NAAT, nucleic acid amplification test; NPV, negative predictive value; PICOS, Population, Interventions, Comparisons, Outcomes, Study Design; POCT, point-of-care test; PPV, positive predictive value; STARD, Standards for the Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies.