Table 1

Distribution of characteristics by thinking transmission was intentional status

CharacteristicsOverallThought transmission was intentional
n=151 n (%)
Did not think transmission was intentional
n=186 n (%)
p Value*
Age (years)
 18–3492 (27.3)62 (41.1)30 (16.1)
 35–49151 (44.8)63 (41.7)88 (47.3)
 50+94 (27.9)26 (17.2)68 (36.6) <0.001
 Missing
Race
 Black132 (39.4)67 (44.4)65 (35.0)
 Other25 (7.4)17 (5.0)8 (4.3)
 White180 (53.3)67 (44.3)113 (60.8) 0.003
 Missing
Ethnicity
 Hispanic31 (9.2)14 (9.3)17 (9.1)
 Non-Hispanic283 (84.0)125 (82.8)158 (85.0)0.759
 Missing23 (6.8)12 (8.0)11 (5.9)
Education
 Less than HS35 (10.4)17 (11.3)18 (9.7)
 HS grad79 (23.4)44 (29.1)35 (18.8)
 Some college146 (43.3)64 (42.4)82 (44.1)
 Finished college/graduate school77 (22.9)26 (17.2)51 (27.4) 0.049
 Missing
Income
 $0–500102 (30.3)52 (34.4)50 (26.9)
 $501–$100096 (28.5)42 (27.8)54 (29.0)
 >$1000139 (41.3)57 (37.8)82 (44.1)0.297
 Missing
Employment
 Yes102 (30.3)43 (28.5)59 (31.7)
 No235 (69.7)108 (71.5)127 (68.3)0.519
 Missing
Sexual orientation
 Gay266 (78.9)114 (75.5)152 (81.7)
 Bisexual69 (20.4)37 (24.5)32 (17.2)
 Missing2 (0.6)02 (1.1)0.122
Relationship status
 Single (not dating)125 (37.1)46 (30.5)79 (42.5)
 Single (and dating)113 (33.2)53 (35.1)59 (31.7)
 Committed/partnered (sex with one partner only)46 (13.7)28 (18.5)18 (9.7)
 Committed/partnered (sex also with other people)54 (16.0)24 (15.9)30 (16.1) 0.040
 Missing
Reported viral load
 Undetectable (<20 copies/mL)221 (65.6)91 (60.3)130 (69.9) 0.029
 Detectable (≥20 copies/mL)52 (15.4)32 (21.2)20 (10.8)
 Missing64 (19.0)28 (18.5)36 (19.4)
Do you know how you contracted HIV?
 Yes256 (76.0)118 (78.2)138 (74.2)
 No81 (24.0)33 (21.9)48 (25.8)0.399
 Missing
Did this person disclose his/her status to you before sex?
 Yes17 (5.0)2 (1.3)15 (8.1)
 No239 (70.9)135 (89.4)104 (55.9)
 Do not remember16 (4.8)5 (3.3)11 (5.9) <0.001
 Missing65 (19.3)9 (6.0)56 (30.1)
Condomless insertive anal sex
 Yes118 (42.1)53 (35.1)65 (35.0)
 No164 (48.7)74 (49.0)90 (48.4)0.981
 Missing55 (16.3)24 (15.9)31 (16.7)
Condomless receptive anal sex
 Yes131 (38.9)56 (37.1)75 (40.3)0.799
 No158 (46.9)72 (47.7)86 (46.2)
 Missing48 (14.2)23 (15.2)25 (13.4)
Depression (mean, SD) 20.5 13.323.0, 13.418.4, 12.8 0.002
 At risk for clinical depression198 (58.8)101 (66.9)97 (52.2) 0.006
 Not at risk for clinical depression139 (41.3)50 (33.1)89 (47.9)
 Missing
Substance use (mean, SD) 14.0, 5.8 14.7, 6.0 13.4, 5.5 0.034
 Met criteria244 (72.2)115 (76.2)129 (69.4)
 Did not meet criteria93 (27.8)36 (23.8)57 (30.7)0.165
 Missing
Self-efficacy (mean, SD)
 Condom use 10.6, 1.8 10.5, 1.9 10.6, 1.70.915
 HIV disclosure  9.1, 2.6  8.8, 2.7  9.4, 2.4 0.046
 Negotiation of safer sex practices 10.1, 2.0 10.0, 1.9 10.1, 2.00.717
 Missing
Sexual compulsivity (mean, SD) 32.8, 10.8 35.4, 11.6 30.7, 9.6 <0.001
  • Bold numbers represent statistically significant differences by thinking transmission was intentional or not at p<0.05.

  • 2 p values were obtained for categorical variables and p values based on the F statistic from the Welch’s test were used for continuous variables.