Table 2

Comparison of sociodemographic characteristics and sexual risk behaviours with oral HIV test acceptability among Peruvian MSM and TGW (n=334)

CharacteristicsAcceptabilityP values
MSMP valuesTGW
Yes (N=252)No (N=42)Yes (N=32)No (N=8)
Age*25 (22–30)25 (21–29)0.234†27 (22–28.5)23.5 (21–26)0.197†
Education0.0201‡
 Primary/secondary93 (78.8)25 (21.2)24 (80)6 (20)
 Tertiary (no degree)65 (91.6)6 (8.4)4 (80)1 (20)
 University (degree)94 (89.5)11 (10.5)4 (80)1 (20)
Birthplace0.811
 Lima137 (86.2)22 (13.8)3 (75)1 (25)1‡
 Other115 (85.2)20 (14.8)29 (80.6)7 (19.4)
Current relationship with a man0.8020.037‡
 No167 (86.1)27 (13.9)19 (70.4)8 (29.6)
 Yes85 (85)15 (15)13 (100)0 (0)
Current smoker0.2031‡
 No167 (83.9)32 (16.1)22 (78.6)6 (21.4)
 Yes85 (89.5)10 (10.5)10 (83.3)2 (16.7)
Sex partners§0.760‡1‡
 Mostly/only men221 (86.3)35 (13.7)30 (79)8 (21)
 Equally men and women14 (82.4)3 (17.6)1 (100)0 (0)
 Mostly/only women11 (84.6)2 (15.4)0 (0)0 (0)
Sex role§0.9391‡
 Insertive/mostly insertive47 (88.7)6 (11.3)1 (100)0 (0)
 Equally receptive and insertive85 (86.7)13 (13.3)3 (75)1 (25)
 Receptive/mostly receptive72 (87.8)10 (12.2)26 (78.8)7 (21.2)
Age at first anal intercourse, years†0.0590.372
 <1445 (91.8)4 (8.2)11 (84.6)2 (15.4)
 14–19143 (81.7)32 (18.3)15 (71.4)6 (28.6)
 >1964 (91.4)6 (8.6)6 (100)0 (0)
Last anal sex without condom with a man§0.7250.557‡
 No54 (90)6 (10)4 (100)0 (0)
 Yes136 (88.3)18 (11.7)20 (76.9)6 (23.1)
Transactional sex0.8690.128‡
 No189 (85.5)32 (14.5)4 (57.1)3 (42.9)
 Yes63 (86.3)10 (13.7)28 (84.9)5 (15.1)
Past month sex and alcohol0.6380.222‡
 No177 (85.1)31 (14.9)19 (73.1)7 (26.9)
 Yes75 (87.2)11 (12.8)13 (92.9)1 (7.1)
Past month sex and drugs¶0.3750.566‡
 No241 (85.2)42 (14.8)28 (77.8)8 (22.2)
 Yes11 (100)0 (0)4 (100)0 (0)
Self-reported current STI symptoms0.4041‡
 No189 (84.8)34 (15.2)23 (79.3)6 (20.7)
 Yes63 (88.7)8 (11.3)9 (81.8)2 (18.2)
Belief in HIV transmission by saliva0.2261‡
 No228 (84.8)41 (15.2)27 (79.4)7 (20.6)
 Yes24 (96)1 (4)5 (83.3)1 (16.7)
Confidence in rapid HIV blood test0.003‡0.557‡
 Low5 (50)5 (50)3 (60)2 (40)
 Medium105 (83.3)21 (16.7)11 (84.6)2 (15.4)
 High142 (89.9)16 (10.1)18 (81.8)4 (18.2)
Ever heard about oral HIV test0.7510.258‡
 No180 (85.3)31 (14.7)16 (72.7)6 (27.3)
 Yes72 (86.7)11 (13.3)16 (88.9)2 (11.1)
Potential use of oral test at home§<0.001<0.001‡
 No46 (59.7)31 (40.3)2 (25)6 (75)
 Yes202 (94.8)11 (5.2)30 (96.8)1 (3.2)
  • *Median (IQR).

  • †Mann-Whitney test.

  • ‡Fisher exact test, other analyses used the χ2 test.

  • §Because of missing data, not all variables sum to the total n.

  • ¶Marijuana, cocaine, poppers and other.

  • MSM, men who have sex with men; TGW, transgender women.