Table 3

Individual factors associated with acceptability of an oral HIV test among Peruvian MSM (n=294)

Crude modelAdjusted model*
PR95% CIP valuesPR95% CIP values
Age†1.001.00 to 1.010.2041.000.99 to 1.000.309
Education
 Primary/SecondaryRef.Ref.
 Tertiary (no degree)1.161.03 to 1.310.0121.181.06 to 1.320.004
 University (degree)1.141.01 to 1.270.0291.161.03 to 1.300.012
Birthplace
 LimaRef.
 Other0.990.90 to 1.090.812
Current relationship with a man
 NoRef.
 Yes0.990.89 to 1.090.804
Current smoker
 NoRef.
 Yes1.070.97 to 1.170.173
Sex partners
 Mostly/only menRef.
 Equally men and women0.950.76 to 1.200.682
 Mostly/only women0.980.77 to 1.240.869
Sex role
 Insertive/mostly insertiveRef.
 Equally receptive and insertive0.980.86 to 1.110.725
 Receptive/mostly receptive0.990.87 to 1.120.877
Age at first anal intercourse, years
 <14Ref.Ref.
 14–190.890.80 to 0.990.0360.890.80 to 0.980.021
 >191.000.89 to 1.110.9370.970.86 to 1.090.586
Last anal sex without condom with a man
 NoRef.
 Yes0.980.89 to 1.090.717
Transactional sex
 NoRef.
 Yes1.010.91 to 1.120.867
Past month sex and alcohol
 NoRef.
 Yes1.020.93 to 1.130.628
Past month sex and drugs‡
 NoRef.Ref.
 Yes1.171.12 to 1.23<0.0011.191.05 to 1.360.008
Self-reported current STI symptoms
 NoRef.
 Yes1.050.95 to 1.160.369
Belief in HIV transmission by saliva
 NoRef.Ref.
 Yes1.131.03 to 1.250.0101.201.08 to 1.330.001
Confidence in rapid HIV blood test
 LowRef.Ref.
 Medium1.670.89 to 3.120.1101.640.84 to 3.240.149
 High1.800.96 to 3.350.0651.770.90 to 3.490.096
Ever heard about oral HIV test
 NoRef.
 Yes1.020.92 to 1.130.746
Potential use of oral test at home
 NoRef.Ref.
 Yes1.591.32 to 1.91<0.0011.561.32–1.85<0.001
  • *Adjusted for age, education level, age at first anal intercourse, past month sex and drugs, belief in HIV transmission by saliva, confidence in rapid HIV blood test and potential use of an oral test at home (n=290).

  • †Median.

  • ‡Marijuana, cocaine, poppers and other.

  • MSM, men who have sex with men; PR, prevalence ratio.