Table 4

Bivariate analysis and multivariable analysis of HIV self-reported status among FSWs in Ukraine*

Sociodemographic and behavioural characteristicsBivariate analysisMultivariable analysis
n (%)OR(95%CI)Pvaluen (%)AOR(95%CI)Pvalue
Age (years)
 14–18
 19–2316 (8.2) 0.1 (0.0 to 0.5)<0.00115 (8)0.2 (0.0 to 1.2)0.09
 24–2851 (26.4) 0.3 (0.1 to 0.6)0.0150 (26.9)0.4 (0.1 to 1.4)0.18
 29–3348 (24.8)0.8 (0.4 to 1.6)0.6246 (24.7)0.7 (0.2 to 2.0)0.58
 34+78 (40.4)1.0 (ref)75 (40.3)1.0 (ref)
Missing data157164
Age at first sex work (years)
 12–131 (0.5)1 (0.5)
 14–1833 (17.4)2.8 (0.2 to 28.6)0.3832 (17.2)5.3 (0.2 to 135.0)0.31
 19–2393 (49.2)3.6 (0.3 to 36.5)0.2691 (48.9)6.5 (0.2 to 155.3)0.24
 24–2840 (21.1)9.5 (0.8 to 101.0)0.0640 (21.5)12.6 (0.5 to 320.6)0.12
 29–3318 (9.5) 28.2 (1.9 to 417.3)0.0118 (9.7) 54.8 (1.7 to 1709.7)0.02
 34+4 (2.1)1.0 (ref)4 (2.1)1.0 (ref)
Missing data161164
Alcohol use in the last 30 days
 Every day64 (33.1)1.8 (0.6 to 5.3)0.2763 (33.8) 5.9 (1.1 to 31.7)0.03
 More than once a week48 (24.8)1.9 (0.6 to 6.1)0.2369 (37.1)6.1 (1.0 to 38.2)0.05
 Less than once a week70 (36.2)1.6 (0.5 to 4.7)0.3646 (24.7) 7.6 (1.2 to 45.1 ) 0.02
 Never11 (5.6)1.0 (ref)8 (4.3)1.0 (ref)
Missing data157164
Drug use ever
 Yes62 (32.1) 8.3 (4.0 to 17.1 ) <0.00159 (31.7) 12.6 (2.3 to 68.0 ) 0.01
 I used before, now I don't63 (32.6) 2.9 (1.5 to 5.3)<0.00160 (32.2) 4.9 (1.8 to 12.9)<0.001
 No, I never used drugs68 (35.2)1.0 (ref)67 (36)1.0 (ref)
Missing data157164
Injecting drug use in the last 12 months
 Yes51 (26.4) 4.7 (2.2 to 9.9)<0.00149 (26.3)1.0 (0.1 to 6.0)0.93
 No142 (73.5)1.0 (ref)137 (73.6)1.0 (ref)
Missing data157164
Sex work venue: outdoors
 Yes140 (72.5) 1.7 (1.0 to 3.0)0.04135 (72.6)1.0 (0.4 to 2.6)0.86
 No53 (27.4)1.0 (ref)51 (27.4)1.0 (ref)
Missing data157164
Sex work venue: indoors
 Yes82 (42.4) 0.3 (0.2 to 0.6)<0.00179 (42.5) 0.4 (0.1 to 0.9 ) 0.02
 No111 (57.5)1.0 (ref)107 (57.5)1.0 (ref)
Missing data157164
Sex work venue: phone/internet
 Yes44 (22.7)1.3 (0.7 to 2.3)0.2843 (23.1) 3.4 (1.4 to 8.4)0.01
 No149 (77.2)1.0 (ref)143 (76.8)1.0 (ref)
Missing data157164
  • *Denominator—those FSWs who were diagnosed HIV positive with the rapid test.

  • AOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval ; FSWs, female sex workers; OR, odds ratio.