Table 3

Crude and controlled-direct associations between vaginal douching and endometritis in the PEACH study

Total effect
(95% CI)
Controlled direct effect accounting for endometrial infection with one or more BV-associated organisms*
(95% CI)
Controlled direct effect accounting for
Endometrial infection with all four BV-associated organisms*
(95% CI)
Vaginal douche ≥2 times in past month
 Yes1.24 (1.03 to 1.49)1.00 (0.57 to 1.74)0.95 (0.53 to 1.70)
  • *BV-associated organisms: Atopobium vaginae, BVAB1, Sneathia amnionii, or Sneathia sanguinegens.

  • †Adjusted for race and age.

  • BV, bacterial vaginosis; PEACH, PID Evaluation and Clinical Health.