Table 1

ANC characteristics: general and according with area of residence

ANC characteristicsTotalArea of residence
N (%)95% CIUrban
n (%)
Rural
n (%)
P value
Timing and number of visits
 First trimester (n=462)42 (9.1)6.8 to 12.135 (8.7)7 (11.9)0.428*
 ≥4 visits (n=467)293 (62.7)58.3 to 67.0262 (64.2)31 (52.5)0.083*
 ≥8 visits (n=467)16 (3.4)2.1 to 5.514 (3.4)2 (3.4)1.000†
Infection screening documented (at least once)
 HIV (n=465)309 (66.5)62.0 to 70.6285 (70.2)24 (40.7)<0.001*
 HBsAg (n=466)208 (44.6)40.2 to 49.2201 (49.4)7 (11.9)<0.001*
 RPR (n=467)281 (60.2)55.7 to 64.5269 (65.9)12 (20.3)<0.001*
Infection treatment reported by women
 HIV positive (n=5)4 (80.0)37.6 to 96.44 (80.0)0 (0.0)NA
 HBsAg positive (n=10)0 (0.0)0.0 to 27.8NANANA
 RPR positive (n=7)5 (71.4)35.9 to 91.84 (80.0)1 (50)NA
  • *Pearson χ2 test.

  • †Fisher's exact test.

  • ANC, antenatal care; n, absolute frequencies; %, relative frequencies; 95% CI, 95% confidence intervals (estimated with the Wilson method using EpiTools); HBsAg, hepatitis B surface antigen; RPR, rapid plasma reagin test; NA, not applicable.