Table 2

Annual rate ratios comparing HIV testing rates per 10 000 residents ≥15 years between GPs* and SHCs in five regions in the Netherlands, total and by sex and age categories, 2011–2018

Amsterdam
RR (95% CI)†
Rotterdam
RR (95% CI)†
Maastricht
RR (95% CI)†
Twente
RR (95% CI)†
N-NL
RR (95% CI)†
Total
 20110.72 (0.70 to 0.75)1.03 (0.99 to 1.07)0.67 (0.59 to 0.74)0.86 (0.79 to 0.92)0.64 (0.59 to 0.68)
 20120.63 (0.60 to 0.66)0.98 (0.94 to 1.02)0.97 (0.90 to 1.05)0.70 (0.63 to 0.76)0.77 (0.72 to 0.82)
 20130.50 (0.47 to 0.53)0.93 (0.89 to 0.97)0.79 (0.72 to 0.87)0.50 (0.43 to 0.56)0.70 (0.65 to 0.75)
 20140.35 (0.32 to 0.38)0.94 (0.90 to 0.98)0.66 (0.58 to 0.74)0.40 (0.33 to 0.47)0.57 (0.52 to 0.62)
 20150.45 (0.42 to 0.48)1.12 (1.08 to 1.16)1.02 (0.93 to 1.11)0.54 (0.46 to 0.62)NA
 20160.43 (0.40 to 0.46)1.05 (1.01 to 1.10)0.89 (0.80 to 0.98)0.53 (0.45 to 0.60)1.45 (1.39 to 1.50)
 20170.39 (0.36 to 0.42)0.95 (0.91 to 0.99)0.77 (0.69 to 0.86)0.57 (0.50 to 0.64)1.31 (1.26 to 1.36)
 20180.40 (0.38 to 0.43)1.14 (1.10 to 1.18)0.75 (0.66 to 0.84)0.56 (0.49 to 0.63)1.68 (1.63 to 1.74)
Men
 20110.67 (0.63 to 0.70)0.94 (0.89 to 1.00)0.69 (0.59 to 0.80)0.78 (0.69 to 0.87)0.61 (0.54 to 0.68)
 20120.58 (0.55 to 0.62)0.84 (0.78 to 0.89)1.01 (0.90 to 1.12)0.59 (0.50 to 0.68)0.70 (0.63 to 0.77)
 20130.50 (0.46 to 0.54)0.83 (0.77 to 0.88)0.83 (0.73 to 0.93)0.44 (0.35 to 0.53)0.67 (0.60 to 0.74)
 20140.39 (0.35 to 0.43)0.84 (0.78 to 0.89)0.67 (0.57 to 0.78)0.37 (0.27 to 0.46)0.59 (0.52 to 0.65)
 20150.43 (0.39 to 0.47)0.82 (0.76 to 0.87)0.80 (0.69 to 0.92)0.42 (0.31 to 0.52)NA
 20160.37 (0.33 to 0.40)0.75 (0.70 to 0.80)0.76 (0.65 to 0.88)0.43 (0.33 to 0.53)1.14 (1.07 to 1.21)
 20170.32 (0.29 to 0.36)0.69 (0.64 to 0.74)0.65 (0.54 to 0.77)0.43 (0.34 to 0.52)0.96 (0.90 to 1.02)
 20180.34 (0.31 to 0.38)0.81 (0.76 to 0.86)0.65 (0.53 to 0.77)0.45 (0.36 to 0.54)1.50 (1.43 to 1.56)
Women
 20110.79 (0.75 to 0.83)1.12 (1.07 to 1.18)0.65 (0.55 to 0.75)0.95 (0.86 to 1.04)0.65 (0.59 to 0.71)
 20120.68 (0.65 to 0.72)1.17 (1.11 to 1.22)0.94 (0.83 to 1.04)0.84 (0.74 to 0.93)0.83 (0.77 to 0.90)
 20130.49 (0.45 to 0.53)1.06 (1.01 to 1.12)0.75 (0.65 to 0.86)0.57 (0.48 to 0.66)0.72 (0.66 to 0.79)
 20140.31 (0.27 to 0.35)1.07 (1.02 to 1.13)0.65 (0.54 to 0.75)0.44 (0.33 to 0.54)0.55 (0.48 to 0.62)
 20150.49 (0.45 to 0.53)1.71 (1.65 to 1.78)1.40 (1.26 to 1.53)0.79 (0.67 to 0.91)NA
 20160.54 (0.50 to 0.58)1.70 (1.64 to 1.77)1.10 (0.96 to 1.23)0.72 (0.60 to 0.83)1.96 (1.89 to 2.04)
 20170.52 (0.48 to 0.56)1.54 (1.48 to 1.60)0.97 (0.84 to 1.10)0.88 (0.77 to 0.98)2.09 (2.01 to 2.16)
 20180.54 (0.50 to 0.58)1.94 (1.88 to 2.01)0.91 (0.77 to 1.05)0.79 (0.68 to 0.89)1.99 (1.91 to 2.06)
15–29 years
 20110.43 (0.39 to 0.46)0.74 (0.69 to 0.79)0.50 (0.41 to 0.59)0.67 (0.59 to 0.76)0.43 (0.37 to 0.49)
 20120.35 (0.31 to 0.38)0.70 (0.65 to 0.75)0.70 (0.61 to 0.80)0.47 (0.38 to 0.56)0.54 (0.47 to 0.60)
 20130.25 (0.21 to 0.29)0.63 (0.58 to 0.68)0.56 (0.47 to 0.66)0.33 (0.24 to 0.42)0.44 (0.38 to 0.51)
 20140.15 (0.10 to 0.19)0.61 (0.55 to 0.66)0.45 (0.35 to 0.55)0.25 (0.15 to 0.36)0.36 (0.30 to 0.43)
 20150.21 (0.17 to 0.26)0.80 (0.74 to 0.85)0.78 (0.66 to 0.90)0.38 (0.26 to 0.50)NA
 20160.22 (0.18 to 0.27)0.74 (0.68 to 0.80)0.60 (0.49 to 0.72)0.36 (0.24 to 0.48)1.11 (1.04 to 1.18)
 20170.20 (0.15 to 0.24)0.67 (0.61 to 0.72)0.47 (0.35 to 0.59)0.29 (0.17 to 0.41)0.99 (0.92 to 1.06)
 20180.21 (0.17 to 0.25)0.79 (0.73 to 0.84)0.35 (0.22 to 0.49)0.33 (0.21 to 0.44)1.24 (1.17 to 1.31)
30–44 years
 20111.17 (1.12 to 1.21)1.47 (1.41 to 1.54)1.42 (1.26 to 1.58)1.22 (1.10 to 1.33)1.42 (1.33 to 1.51)
 20121.06 (1.02 to 1.10)1.45 (1.38 to 1.51)2.06 (1.88 to 2.23)1.17 (1.05 to 1.28)1.66 (1.57 to 1.76)
 20130.87 (0.83 to 0.91)1.51 (1.44 to 1.58)1.85 (1.68 to 2.01)0.88 (0.77 to 0.99)1.51 (1.42 to 1.61)
 20140.66 (0.62 to 0.70)1.57 (1.50 to 1.65)1.37 (1.21 to 1.54)0.76 (0.64 to 0.88)1.23 (1.14 to 1.32)
 20150.74 (0.70 to 0.79)1.51 (1.44 to 1.58)1.64 (1.46 to 1.81)0.82 (0.70 to 0.95)NA
 20160.65 (0.61 to 0.69)1.42 (1.35 to 1.48)1.66 (1.47 to 1.85)0.77 (0.64 to 0.89)2.03 (1.94 to 2.12)
 20170.57 (0.53 to 0.61)1.30 (1.23 to 1.37)1.40 (1.23 to 1.57)0.92 (0.81 to 1.03)1.78 (1.69 to 1.87)
 20180.57 (0.53 to 0.60)1.56 (1.49 to 1.62)1.76 (1.57 to 1.94)0.78 (0.67 to 0.89)2.57 (2.48 to 2.66)
45–59 years
 20111.43 (1.36 to 1.50)2.10 (1.97 to 2.22)1.03 (0.79 to 1.26)1.12 (0.94 to 1.30)0.92 (0.79 to 1.05)
 20121.32 (1.25 to 1.39)2.12 (2.00 to 2.24)1.41 (1.21 to 1.61)0.94 (0.77 to 1.10)0.91 (0.78 to 1.04)
 20131.27 (1.20 to 1.34)2.07 (1.95 to 2.19)1.12 (0.90 to 1.34)0.80 (0.63 to 0.97)1.06 (0.94 to 1.19)
 20141.10 (1.04 to 1.17)2.11 (1.99 to 2.24)1.08 (0.87 to 1.30)0.51 (0.34 to 0.69)0.75 (0.63 to 0.87)
 20151.03 (0.97 to 1.10)2.06 (1.94 to 2.19)1.07 (0.85 to 1.29)0.62 (0.43 to 0.80)NA
 20160.83 (0.77 to 0.90)1.82 (1.70 to 1.93)1.30 (1.07 to 1.54)0.64 (0.47 to 0.81)1.58 (1.47 to 1.70)
 20170.79 (0.73 to 0.85)1.60 (1.49 to 1.70)1.41 (1.17 to 1.64)0.70 (0.55 to 0.85)1.54 (1.44 to 1.65)
 20180.76 (0.71 to 0.82)1.82 (1.71 to 1.93)1.73 (1.49 to 1.97)0.71 (0.56 to 0.86)1.79 (1.68 to 1.90)
≥60 years
 20111.59 (1.44 to 1.75)2.92 (2.63 to 3.22)1.80 (1.32 to 2.29)0.64 (0.13 to 1.15)0.78 (0.40 to 1.16)
 20122.01 (1.86 to 2.16)2.68 (2.40 to 2.96)1.36 (0.77 to 1.96)0.71 (0.24 to 1.18)0.83 (0.44 to 1.21)
 20131.77 (1.62 to 1.92)1.85 (1.59 to 2.10)1.68 (1.18 to 2.18)NE0.88 (0.54 to 1.22)
 20141.68 (1.53 to 1.82)2.41 (2.14 to 2.68)1.26 (0.86 to 1.67)NE0.59 (0.18 to 0.99)
 20151.51 (1.37 to 1.64)1.89 (1.65 to 2.14)1.58 (1.10 to 2.05)NENA
 20161.38 (1.26 to 1.51)1.97 (1.74 to 2.20)2.01 (1.62 to 2.39)0.47 (0.05 to 0.89)1.90 (1.58 to 2.22)
 20171.18 (1.06 to 1.30)1.61 (1.39 to 1.83)1.65 (1.29 to 2.02)1.19 (0.88 to 1.50)1.68 (1.45 to 1.90)
 20181.03 (0.92 to 1.13)2.31 (2.08 to 2.54)1.91 (1.54 to 2.28)0.95 (0.67 to 1.24)1.92 (1.71 to 2.13)
  • *GP test data were corrected for estimated HIV test data coverage per region.

  • †Reference: SHC.

  • GP, general practitioner; NA, not applicable (data are missing); NE, not estimated (n too small for reliable estimates); N-NL, North Netherlands; RR, rate ratio; SHC, sexual health centre.