Table 2

Characteristics of included quantitative studies/components

StudyCountryNo. participants tested during campaign
(see descriptors)
Median age (range)Campaign length (weeks)Health promotion campaign methods
Print*Verbal†Web-based‡Social media§Peer¶Direct**
Anderson et al21USA333††NR (NR)6YYYYYY
Buhrer-Skinner et al22Australia341‡‡22.6 (19.6–28)48YNYNYN
Chen et al23AustraliaNRNR (16–30)60YNYNNN
Debattista et al24Australia109‡‡NR (NR)39YNYNNN
Dowshen et al41USA4628‡‡17.2 (SD±1.86)§§52YYYYNN
Friedman et al26USANRNR (NR)34YYYYNY
Friedman et al25USANRNR (NR)104YYNNYY
Garbers et al38USA266††NR (15–25)12YNYYYN
Gobin et al27EnglandNRNR (15–24)4YYYNNN
Gold et al28AustraliaNRNR (NR)4YYYNYN
Kwan et al30Australia159‡‡16–242 and 12YYNNNN
Miller et al31Australia5516††NR (15–35)8YYNNNN
Nadarzynski et al37England472‡‡NR (13–24)NRNNNYNN
Roston et al32USANR21.2 (±2.5)§§4 and 4YYNNNN
Rotblatt et al33USA1619‡‡22.3 (12–26)52YYNNYN
Wackett et al34Canada911‡‡NR (NR)16YYNNYN
Wilkins and Mak39AustraliaNRNR (18–29)12YYYNNY
  • This table is not reproduced from another source and has been created by the review team for the current publication.

  • *Print media: posters, newspaper/magazine articles, leaflets, other materials, for example, credit cards, beer mats.

  • †Verbal media: radio adverts, TV adverts.

  • ‡Web-based: internet sites used mainly for campaigns materials (not just for ordering kits).

  • §Social media: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, etc.

  • ¶Peer: engaging peers to deliver campaigning and materials, for example, at University events, in nightclubs.

  • **Direct: materials direct to personal technology devices, for example, SMS, Facebook push adverts.

  • ††Number screened at event/clinic.

  • ‡‡Kits returned.

  • §§Mean and SD reported in place of median (range).

  • N, no/absent; NR, not reported; Y, yes/present.